I've RPM file of which I want to examine its file contents. For .deb packages, I can use dpkg -x file.deb to extract it.

What is the equivalent command for a .rpm file? I'm looking for a command-line application.


file-roller seems to open rpm files. Alternatively you can use the command:

$ sudo apt-get install rpm2cpio
$ rpm2cpio /path/to/file.rpm | cpio -i --make-directories

that will extract the rpm content to the current directory.

  • Thanks, I just came across it: rpm2cpio file.rpm | cpio --extract --make-directories – Lekensteyn Jul 7 '11 at 20:57

As far as I remember you have to use a app called alien which transforms .rpm to deb files. Use a terminal to do :

sudo apt-get install alien


sudo alien -d nameofyourpackage.rpm (-d for Debian package)

If you then need to examine it you can resort to your dpkg -x file.deb method

  • rpm2cpio seems to work fine, so I haven't tried this one. – Lekensteyn Jul 7 '11 at 21:01
  • 1
    this has the drawback of creating a .deb first. – enzotib Jul 7 '11 at 21:16

You can also use alien to only extract the files (which it calls "generate a build tree")

alien --scripts --generate <package.rpm>

You will get 2 dirs - <package>, and <package>.orig, which is the raw extraction from the rpm.


Install 7z:

apt install p7zip-full

and extract:

7z x /path/to/file.rpm 
7z x /path/to/file.cpio -o/path/to/extract/folder/

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