How can I get the bash to look colored like this?


  • daniel451 how come you have answered for your own question within the same timings.
    – kva
    Nov 16, 2017 at 14:20
  • 7
    @kva Answering your own question at the same time as posting is encouraged across the Stack Exchange network.
    – CJ Dennis
    Jan 19, 2018 at 4:38
  • Related: askubuntu.com/questions/123268/…. It explains how individual parts of the prompt can be coloured differently. Dec 1, 2018 at 10:48
  • If you are using Termux then you can Install zshell which will change everything in your terminal, You can read this post fo the installation.learntermux.tech/2020/02/…
    – Khan Saad
    Feb 15, 2020 at 13:13

5 Answers 5


Open ~/.bashrc in text editor and uncomment line:


to be:


save then execute source ~/.bashrc

  • 1
    Doesn't exactly answer the question, but I like this result better (less distracting). Oct 1, 2016 at 18:27
  • I think it does answer. why not ?
    – To Kra
    Oct 25, 2016 at 6:14
  • Here is what mine looks like after your method: !2016-10-25 16:12:15.png Not exactly as in the question. Oct 25, 2016 at 20:19
  • 1
    Is force_color_prompt=yes the intended way of enabling colors? To me forcing sounds like a workaround.
    – Jaakko
    Jan 14, 2018 at 11:09
  • 2
    I hope I didn't sound disrespectful with my comments, I'm just trying to understand how it was meant to work. For example, above those lines you mention, there's a different way of enabling colors, xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;; Which makes me think that the colors could automatically enable if you had correct value in TERM variable.
    – Jaakko
    Mar 26, 2020 at 18:02

I came up with this solution:

  1. Open ~/.bashrc in a text editor.

  2. Copy this and add it at the end of the ~/.bashrc file:

    PS1='\[\033[1;36m\]\u\[\033[1;31m\]@\[\033[1;32m\]\h:\[\033[1;35m\]\w\[\033[1;31m\]\$\[\033[0m\] '
  3. Ssave the file and source ~/.bashrc:

    source ~/.bashrc

For a full list of available colors and further options, look up these links:


A version that is a bit more 'general' - should work with a varied environment:
(depends on terminfo)

Insert this in your $HOME/.bashrc:

function fgtab {
  echo "tput setf/setb - Foreground/Background table"
  for f in {0..7}; do
    for b in {0..7}; do
      echo -en "$(tput setf $f)$(tput setb $b) $f/$b "
    echo -e "$(tput sgr 0)"

# The prompt in a somewhat Terminal -type independent manner:
cname="$(tput setf 3)"
csgn="$(tput setf 4)"
chost="$(tput setf 2)"
cw="$(tput setf 6)"
crst="$(tput sgr 0)"
PS1="\[${cname}\]\u\[${csgn}\]@\[${chost}\]\h:\[${cw}\]\w\[${csgn}\]\$\[${crst}\] "

Then execute source ~/.bashrc.

After that, fgtab will display a color table with numbers. Those numbers are for tput setf n and tput setb n where 'n' is the number, 'f' stands for 'foreground' and 'b' stands for 'background' color.

tput sgr 0 will reset foreground and background colors to default.

And as you can see, changing the colors used for the prompt becomes really easy (just edit the same number in $HOME/.bashrc as you wish).

Add an $(tput setb n) in $cname if you wish to have ALL of the prompt with background n.


I've been having trouble making "force-color-prompt" to work in Ubuntu 20 using Kitty/Putty.

But notice the following code in the default Ubuntu 20 .bashrc file: case "$TERM" in xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;; esac

So in Kitty, go to

  1. Connection
  2. Data

Then change "Terminal-type string" from "xterm" to "xterm-color" and viola!


If you install the minimal Ubuntu you don't get the default .bashrc that has the values for colors and some other stuff. This is the default .bashrc you can use.

# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
    # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
    # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
    # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'

    alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'

# Add an "alert" alias for long running commands.  Use like so:
#   sleep 10; alert
alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '\''s/^\s*[0-9]\+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//'\'')"'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion

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