How to install Anaconda for Python on Ubuntu?

Is there a way to use apt-get install?

I only have command line access to my server. How do I install Anaconda on Ubuntu 14.04 from the command line?

  • I'm sorry but I just have to ask does your system have the package buns installed? I've heard Anaconda only works with that installed. – ThisIsNotAnId Feb 6 '17 at 15:57
  • it would be ideal if there was an answer entirely in the command line. Specially, it seems that the current answers do not tell us how to download the most recent installer for Anaconda. i.e. the wget seem short lived. – Charlie Parker Feb 8 '17 at 23:09
up vote 51 down vote accepted

See Anaconda Hompepage for more detail!

Installation Instructions [Linux Install]

These instructions explain how to install Anaconda on a Linux system.

After downloading the Anaconda installer, run the following command from a terminal:

$ bash Anaconda-2.x.x-Linux-x86[_64].sh

After accepting the license terms, you will be asked to specify the install location (which defaults to ~/anaconda).

Note: You do NOT need root privileges to install Anaconda, if you select a user writable install location, such as ~/anaconda.* After the self extraction is finished, you should add the anaconda binary directory to your PATH environment variable.

As all of Anaconda is contained in a single directory, uninstalling Anaconda is easy (you simply remove the entire install location directory).


If you encounter any issues, please try disabling your antivirus software. Linux/OS X Uninstall

As all of Anaconda is contained in a single directory, uninstalling Anaconda is simple (you simply remove the entire install location directory):

$ rm -rf ~/anaconda
  • 7
    how would you recommend installing systemwide? – drevicko Jan 15 '16 at 16:53
  • 2
    @nealmcb on my SSD it took less than 10 minutes – Ciprian Tomoiagă Sep 22 '16 at 12:57
  • 4
    how do you do the first step in the terminal without a web browser? I am trying to run this in a docker container so I need the command. – Charlie Parker Jan 17 '17 at 0:17
  • 2
    So you don't know how to do the "After downloading the Anaconda installer" in the command line? (I am quoting your answer) – Charlie Parker Feb 8 '17 at 22:29
  • 1
    Be careful as Anaconda seems to install their own version of moc (for building Qt apps), which may conflict with the system libraries if you compile when /home/USER/anaconda3/bin is in your path. – landroni Feb 28 '17 at 17:16

You can use wget to download from commandline:

For Python3:

  • 32 bits version:

    wget https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-5.3.1-Linux-x86.sh
    
  • 64 bits version

    wget https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-5.3.1-Linux-x86_64.sh
    

And after download is finished do:

  • 32 bits:

    bash Anaconda-5.3.1-Linux-x86.sh
    
  • 64 bits:

    bash Anaconda3-5.3.1-Linux-x86_64.sh
    

For users using Python2, the "3" directly after Anaconda should be changed to a 2.

Source: https://conda.io/docs/user-guide/install/linux.html

  • 2
    how do i update anaconda? – alvas Aug 6 '14 at 15:26
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    $ conda update conda, $ conda update anaconda. Check docs.continuum.io/anaconda/install.html – Vivek Aug 6 '14 at 17:01
  • from your wget commands, it seems that its not possible to install anaconda through apt-get or some more "official" ubuntu package manager? Is that right? – Charlie Parker Jan 17 '17 at 0:19
  • it seems that the current answer do not tell us how to download the most recent installer for Anaconda. i.e. the wget seem short lived. Do you know how to d that part? – Charlie Parker Feb 8 '17 at 23:10
  • 2
    This installs anaconda for python2, not python3. (Just a clarification to future readers). – k_g Feb 20 '17 at 2:39

Nobody has explained here why apt-get and other package managers don't have packages for anaconda.

An important reason for this is that anaconda is meant to be usable by a user who, for whatever reason, doesn't have root privileges. In that case the user just installs into ~/anaconda, changes her own PATH and PYTHONHOME variables so as to run ~/anaconda/python, and is capable of controlling her personal python distribution, while modifying the "system" python might require an administrator's help.

Package managers always require sysadmin privileges.

In addition to @Vivek's answer, to get the latest python3 64-bit Linux version:

CONTREPO=https://repo.continuum.io/archive/
# Stepwise filtering of the html at $CONTREPO
# Get the topmost line that matches our requirements, extract the file name.
ANACONDAURL=$(wget -q -O - $CONTREPO index.html | grep "Anaconda3-" | grep "Linux" | grep "86_64" | head -n 1 | cut -d \" -f 2)
wget -O ~/Downloads/anaconda.sh $CONTREPO$ANACONDAURL
bash ~/Downloads/anaconda.sh

The grep filters in line 3 can be altered to match your requirements, of course.

Q: What is going on here?

  • wget -q -O - URL quietly (-q) gets the html at URL (in this case https://repo.continuum.io/archive/, which is accessed as $CONTREPO) and sends it to standard out (-O -).
  • | is called "pipe", and sends the output of the preceding command to the next command.
  • grep "text" returns the lines from its input that contain text. So first, we select all lines that contain "Anaconda3", then of those, we select all lines containing "Linux", and then all lines containing "86_64" (for the 64-bit version).
  • head -n 1 returns the first line of the input. I rely on the website maintaining order so that the most recent version is on top.
  • cut -d \" -f 2 splits the input on the double quote characters (-d \"), which surround the filename in the HTML's href, and returns the second field (-f 2), being the target of the href.
  • Exactly what I was looking for, thanks again! – cbcoutinho Jan 30 '17 at 0:20

If you are trying to it entirely in command line you use a bash script python 2 anaconda install bash script:

# Go to home directory
cd ~

# You can change what anaconda version you want at 
# https://repo.continuum.io/archive/
wget https://repo.continuum.io/archive/Anaconda2-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
bash Anaconda2-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh -b -p ~/anaconda
rm Anaconda2-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
echo 'export PATH="~/anaconda/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc 

# Refresh basically
source .bashrc

conda update conda

python 3 anaconda install bash script

# Go to home directory
cd ~

# You can change what anaconda version you want at 
# https://repo.continuum.io/archive/
wget https://repo.continuum.io/archive/Anaconda3-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
bash Anaconda3-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh -b -p ~/anaconda
rm Anaconda3-4.2.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
echo 'export PATH="~/anaconda/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc 

# Refresh basically
source .bashrc

conda update conda

Source: https://medium.com/@GalarnykMichael/install-python-on-ubuntu-anaconda-65623042cb5a

  • This actually answers the question and should be the accepted answer – Monica Heddneck May 17 at 22:06

Watch this video for complete installation

Download Anaconda from continuum here

To install Python 3.6 version

sudo bash Anaconda3-4.3.0-Linux-x86_64.sh 

For Python 2.7 version

 sudo bash Anaconda2-4.3.0-Linux-x86_64.sh

Run Navigator

anaconda-navigator

Run Spyder IDE

spyder

Run Jupyter Notebook

jupyter-notebook

You can use Pyenv to install Anaconda, and then easily switch back and forth between your system Python and your Anaconda Python:

  1. Install Pyenv
  2. pyenv install anaconda3-5.3.0 (pynev install -l to see what versions of anaconda are available)

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