10

I don't need an administrator to change my root password. I don't want any sudo user to execute this command:

sudo passwd $root

I have tried it in the sudoers file using the following command:

%sudo ALL=(ALL) ALL, !/usr/bin/passwd $root

How can I block it?

  • Do you mean that you have more than one sudo-able user in your system? Or something else? Please, edit the question to provide any new information. – edwin Jul 21 '14 at 20:09
15

According to sudoers manual:

   It is generally not effective to "subtract" commands from ALL using the
   ’!’ operator.  A user can trivially circumvent this by copying the
   desired command to a different name and then executing that.  For
   example:

       bill        ALL = ALL, !SU, !SHELLS

   Doesn’t really prevent bill from running the commands listed in SU or
   SHELLS since he can simply copy those commands to a different name, or
   use a shell escape from an editor or other program.  Therefore, these
   kind of restrictions should be considered advisory at best (and
   reinforced by policy).

This is why your sudoers policy doesn't work.

If you would like to prevent user to gain root permission and change its password, try this procedure:

  • Assuming your sudoers contains this directive:

     root    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
     %sudo   ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
    
  • Assuming your user name is foo, his groups are foo and sudo. groups command output is:

    foo sudo
    
  • Remove user foo from sudo group: gpasswd -d foo sudo after this, user foo can not run any command with sudo.

  • Edit sudoers file. Use this command:

    sudo visudo -f /etc/sudoers.d/foo
    
  • Define user foo permission, for example:

    foo ALL=/usr/bin, !/usr/bin/passwd, !/usr/bin/su
    

    This means that user foo may run any commands in the directory /usr/bin/ except passwd and su command. Note: If the user foo wants to change his password, can run passwd command without sudo.

  • Another example of user foo permission:

    foo ALL =/usr/bin, /usr/bin/passwd [A-Za-z]*, !/usr/bin/passwd root
    

    This means that user foo may run any commands in the directory /usr/bin/ and is allowed to change anyone’s password except for root on ALL machines.

You can define groups of command by define Cmnd_Aliases and create "levels of permissions". You can found useful examples in EXAMPLE section of sudoers manual, and here is a useful link about how to use sudoers.

| improve this answer | |
  • I had to do foo ALL=/usr/bin/*, !/usr/bin/passwd any idea why that's the case? – clurect Sep 26 '17 at 18:13
-1

add command alias via visudo:

Cmnd_Alias PASSWD=/usr/bin/passwd
Cmnd_Alias SU=/bin/su

add restrictions via visudo:

%nopasswdgroup ALL = ALL, !PASSWD, !SU

add user to group called nopasswdgroup:

usermod -aG nopasswdgroup nopasswduser
| improve this answer | |

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