I have a Mac (OS X) and a VirtualBox running Ubuntu.
I want to SCP a 500mb file from the Mac to the VirtualBox. How do I do this? (Probably something to do with /etc/hosts?)
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Put network settings from NAT to bridged adapter in Virtualbox settings for that machine. Then your virtual machine will be in local network with your host machine. It will probably get the IP from modem if DHCP is enabled, then scp to that machine.
You also need to have ssh-server installed on Ubuntu machine:
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
That should work:
scp file host:/some/directory
After having installed Guest Additions you will be able to create shared folders for access from both, host and guest OS. Any directory on the host can be used for this. The shared folder needs to be mounted on the guest OS by:
sudo mount -t vboxsf [-o OPTIONS] sharename mountpoint
See also this answer on usage of shared folders. To make shared folders acessible on each boot of the guest os, you need to add the mounts to the guest
Alternatively you can also access directories from the host by adressing them using network shares.
Adding to enedene's answer:
change the adapter settings on your Oracle VM vitualbox to Bridged Adapter On the top left side of you Virtualbox screen click on "Machine" Click on Machine>Settings>Network>
Change the "Attached to:" to "Bridged Adapter" then Click "Ok"
Reset the Virtualbox (Click Machine>Reset)
Once it comes up do an ifconfig in terminal and use the new ip address for SCP