Basically, I downloaded Ubuntu 14.04 (64 bit), and attempted to install it via my flash drive.
I followed the instructions here, but after rebooting when prompted to, I was taken back to the installation screen, asking me to either Install Ubuntu or just try it. I tried reinstalling Ubuntu, since after the first install I booted into Windows Vista by accident and it did a disk check on where my Ubuntu partition was, but the same problem still occurs.
Also, after the USB installer initially finished, I noticed that the installer mentioned that a few items could not be written for whatever reason (memory, I believe, but I'm not completely certain). I feel that may be the stem of the problem, but I'm brand new to Linux and pretty much have no clue what I'm doing, so any help is greatly appreciated.