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This question already has an answer here:

Is there a way to install Gnome on trusty tahr?

marked as duplicate by jobin, Eric Carvalho, Rmano, belacqua, Seth May 19 '14 at 21:25

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  • Thats it? No adding repositories? – Ritik May 19 '14 at 12:17
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    The default repositories will give you Gnome 3.10. The ppa:ricotz/testing mentioned below will give you Gnome 3.12. There are significant differences. – Jos May 19 '14 at 12:24
  • I am also getting E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 12:34
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I imagine that the OP meant he want have the Gnome Desktop environment on his or her Ubuntu 14.04.

There are two possible answers here:

  1. Use the version distributed by Ubuntu Gnome 14.04, which is the Gnome 3.10 version. This is recommended as it does not need to add PPAs.

    sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop
    

    which should work out of the box. This will install the gnome-shell and a series of default applications for the Gnome Desktop experience. You can install just gnome-shell if you want, but be warned that this would be an untested (and unsupported) configuration - the desktop configuration is made assuming the presence of the default apps(1).

    This will install a package called gdm too, which is the "Display Manager" (the program that shows you the login screen --- and that will setup the basic graphic environment), and will ask you if you want to use gdm or lightdm (the original Display Manager of Unity). In principle you can choose one of them; in practice sometimes the Gnome Desktop misbehaves if you do not use gdm.

  2. Use the new Gnome 3.12, with the PPA. These are experimental packages, you can break your system, and you are supposed to do that only if you are confident you can manage the breakage (as clearly stated in https://launchpad.net/~gnome3-team/+archive/gnome3-staging)

=== *WARNING* ===
The packages here have been deemed not ready for general use, 
they have known bugs and/or regressions, sometimes of a critical nature.
Mostly things should run smoothly but be prepared to use ppa-purge,
when you encounter issues!

If they break your system, you get to keep both halves.


Footnotes:

(1) consider that this is normally not a problem. Linux application for one desktop will generally run on all the others --- I have Ubuntu Gnome with Thunar File Manager (from Xubuntu) and digiKam (from Kubuntu) photo manipulation program, and the only problem is that the "graphical appearance" could be a bit inconsistent... which I really don't care.

  • I just wanted to have GNOME DE not Ubuntu Gnome Desktop. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 16:05
  • And if i add Ubuntu Gnome Desktop, will I end with two set of apps? – Ritik May 19 '14 at 16:12
  • And tring to install Gnome desktop from the above method gives the following error: E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 16:14
  • You will have the union of the two sets of applications (some are the same). About the error: you have to solve that first --- otherwise nothing will work. Search google for "site:askubuntu.com you have held broken packages". Probably you'll need to purge the PPAs, if you have set them. Sometime to get rid of a broken PPA you need to disable the PPA(s), fix with apt-get install -f, re-enable the PPA(s), and then purge. (This is the meaning of "you get to keep both halves" over there...) – Rmano May 19 '14 at 16:33
  • I tried apt-get install -f. Not working. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 17:12
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Open terminal by Ctrl+Alt+Tand run following command:

sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) universe"    
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ricotz/testing 
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome3-team/gnome3 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell ubuntu-gnome-desktop
  • Tried that. Its not working. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 12:20
  • It has been tried. I saw that from a website. Does not seem to work for me. – Ritik May 19 '14 at 12:22
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    @user279288 and by not working you mean?... what errors you see? – Lynob May 19 '14 at 12:24
  • It does not appear in sessions after logging out – Ritik May 19 '14 at 12:24
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    Pandya, these are experimental packages. Maybe the OP will be best served by running the standard Ubuntu Gnome version --- not the bleeding edge. – Rmano May 19 '14 at 14:53

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