I want to move one file to a folder using terminal. How do I do this?
mv [file] [directory]
For example, to move
info.txt from the actual directory into the
config/ directory, type
mv info.txt config/
As was pointed out in a correct comment, the above will fail if the user running the command doesn't have write access to either the file or the folder.
If you prefix the command with
sudo, you are telling the system to run the command as the
root user (similar to an Admin account). Example:
sudo mv info.txt config/
BIG IMPORTANT NOTE:
sudo if you are sure you know what you're doing - Ubuntu protects things for a reason. Using
sudo you can break your OS, forcing a reinstall, if you move (or delete or whatever) important files.
You can use the same command for renaming files. A rename is essentially moving a file to the same location but with a new name. Using the previous example:
mv info.txt config/information.txt
This would move the file and change its name.