Trying to compile and use OpenFST on Ubuntu 13.10 leads to link errors like "undefined references to dlopen". How does one fix this? Searching online suggests including -ldl in the gcc command line, but that is not sufficient.


Compile as follows:

./configure LDFLAGS=-Wl,--no-as-needed
sudo make install

To compile your a.cpp which uses the library, do

g++ -I /usr/local/include a.cpp /usr/local/lib/libfst.so -Wl,--no-as-needed -ldl

It is important the -ldl appears after -Wl,--no-as-needed.

Running your program works as you'd expect from the README provided by OpenFST, you just need to have /usr/local/lib in your LD_LIBRARY_PATH. For example,

LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/local/lib" ./a.out

As can be seen in the Catalogue of Built-In Rules:

Linking a single object file

n is made automatically from n.o by running the linker (usually called ld) via the C compiler. The precise recipe used is:


and Variables Used by Implicit Rules:


Extra flags to give to compilers when they are supposed to invoke the linker, ld, such as -L. Libraries (-lfoo) should be added to the LDLIBS variable instead.

So in this case -ldl should be set or added to LDLIBS, not LDFLAGS.

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