There are many posts about putting VPN passwords into
/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/<connection>. I can't get any of them working on Ubuntu 12.04. The fields in the questions and answers seem subtly different from mine. The one that came closest seemed to be: How to save VPN passwords with NetworkManger.
I'd prefer to have
nmcli ask for passwords on the console instead of in a GUI widget on the desktop, but that seems impossible.
So two questions:
- Are the
/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/<connection>files and their fields officially documented anywhere? There seem to be many 404s for NetworkManager documentation links.
- What is wrong with my connection file?
Here is my conneciton file. I've tried many variations of settings in this file, but this is as close to good as I could come up with (anonymized of course):
[connection] # Not sure if this helps or breaks anything. Fails regardless. permissions=user:peter:; id=My VPNC uuid=a2cd97d5-7df1-4391-91d8-7e72931ec2de type=vpn autoconnect=false timestamp=1396942441 [vpn] service-type=org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.vpnc NAT Traversal Mode=natt ipSec-secret-type=save IPSec secret-flags=0 xauth-password-type=save Vendor=cisco Xauth username=user IPSec gateway=18.104.22.168 XAuth password-flags=0 IPSec ID=Ipsec Perfect Forward Secrecy=server IKE DH Group=dh2 [vpn-secrets] XAuth password=password IPSec secret=grouppassword [ipv4] method=auto
> ls -l /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/My\ VPNC -rw------- 1 root root 527 Apr 8 10:11 /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/My VPNC
Running it gives:
> sudo nmcli con up id 'My VPNC' Active connection state: unknown Active connection path: /org/freedesktop/NetworkManager/ActiveConnection/44 state: VPN connecting (need authentication) (2) Error: Connection activation failed: no valid VPN secrets.
Edit: Here is another similar post (about Openconnect VPN though): How can I get NetworkManager to autoconnect to a Openconnect VPN via nmcli without prompting for a user and password