The Problem

I've got one server in a farm which is suddenly unable to correctly handle SSL certificates. Attempting to do a curl command like curl -v https://google.com results in:

curl -v https://google.com
* About to connect() to google.com port 443 (#0)
*   Trying connected
* successfully set certificate verify locations:
*   CAfile: none
  CApath: /etc/ssl/certs
* SSLv3, TLS handshake, Client hello (1):
* SSLv3, TLS handshake, Server hello (2):
* SSLv3, TLS handshake, CERT (11):
* SSLv3, TLS alert, Server hello (2):
* SSL certificate problem, verify that the CA cert is OK. Details:
error:14090086:SSL routines:SSL3_GET_SERVER_CERTIFICATE:certificate verify failed

Using openssl s_client is a little more detailed.

# openssl s_client -host google.com -port 443
depth=2 /C=US/O=GeoTrust Inc./CN=GeoTrust Global CA
verify error:num=20:unable to get local issuer certificate

Things Tried So Far

  • Reinstalling ca-certificates - already have the latest available version, according to aptitude, Version: 20130906ubuntu0.12.04.1.

  • Reconfiguring ca-certificates via dpkg-reconfigure. This appears to rehash the /etc/ssl/certs folder but has no effect on the problem.

  • Using update-ca-certificates --fresh to regenerate the symbolic links in that folder

  • Grabbing the latest Mozilla ca bundle from curl.haxx.se - by putting that .pem file in /etc/ssl/certs and running the update command.


The certificate that curl claims it cannot find is indeed in the certification path.

# ls -l /etc/ssl/certs/*Geo*

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 57 Apr  7 15:57 /etc/ssl/certs/GeoTrust_Global_CA.pem -> /usr/share/ca-certificates/mozilla/GeoTrust_Global_CA.crt

The certificate file referenced has the same permissions as every other box on my network, namely 644.

# ls -l /usr/share/ca-certificates/mozilla/GeoTrust_Global_CA.crt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1216 Feb 20 11:49 /usr/share/ca-certificates/mozilla/GeoTrust_Global_CA.crt

Other secure sites such as Github show identical issues with different certificates. I am running the absolute latest version available of all packages for Ubuntu 12.04.4, including curl, openssl, and ca-certificates.

What's going on here?


I also have this problem, try this:

openssl s_client -host google.com -port 443

this command will also print a cert chain, the last one is:

s:/C=US/O=GeoTrust Inc./CN=GeoTrust Global CA

i:/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority

so you also need https://www.geotrust.com/resources/root_certificates/certificates/Equifax_Secure_Certificate_Authority.pem.

This cert path is different with cert path showed in browser (IE, Firefox, Chrome), I don't know why, but this fix my problem.


This problem stopped happening after a couple updates. It looks like the ca-certificates file provided in the Ubuntu repos was missing an intermediate cert for GeoTrust.

  • Nope. Last change for ca-certificates was February 2014. See its changelog. Are you sure you are still seeing the same certificate chain offered by the Google server? Google tends to rotate certificates, change support for ECC now and then, etc. – gertvdijk Dec 18 '14 at 16:06

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