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Is there a smart way to execute a script when disk space is low? I know I can manually check disk space, but it seems like a common problem to want to delete log files when disk space is low (for example) which is what I want to do.

2 Answers 2

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You can use df and a one-line shell script.

First, we need to tell df to only print the percentage used:

df / --output='pcent'

Combine this with grep to get only the number:

df / --output='pcent' | grep -o "[0-9]*"    

This will yield e.g. "55" if the disk has been filled by 55%.

Now in the crontab, we can use it like this:

@daily sh -c "if [ $(df / --output='pcent' | grep -o '[0-9]*') -gt 90 ]; then docker system prune -af; fi"

In this example, we run docker system prune -af if the disk has been filled by more than 90%. Adjust as needed.

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If you are not specifically concerned about your log files, you could put a script to check the disk space in the cron.

Automatically clearing old logs is what logrotate is for.

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