How can I take a screenshot of the login screen?
I do not want to recreate my Ubuntu installation in a virtual machine.
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This blog might be helpful: http://ptspts.blogspot.com/2010/02/how-to-create-screen-shot-of-gdm-login.html
Install ImageMagick for the image file format conversion below:
sudo apt-get install imagemagick
Create a helper script:
echo 'DISPLAY=:0 XAUTHORITY=/var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth xwd -root' >/tmp/shot.sh
Make sure your login screen is active (log out or reboot the machine, and wait until you see the login screen). Log in in text mode (by pressing Ctrl-Alt-F1), or using SSH. Create the screen shot by running
sudo bash /tmp/shot.sh >/tmp/shot.xwd
You can log in now (by pressing Ctrl-AltF7 first to get back to the GDM login screen). Convert the screen shot to JPEG and/or PNG:
convert -quality 50 /tmp/shot.xwd /tmp/shot.jpg convert /tmp/shot.xwd /tmp/shot.png
View the screen shot in your favourite image viewer.
You can try this:
gnome-screenshot -d 10
you don't need to install any thing just enter the command and lock the screen, the screen will be shot within 10 seconds after the command is executed.
Even more .. the command will lock the screen , copy the screenshot to clipboard and unlock the screen again. All by it self.
gnome-screensaver-command -l && sleep 2 && gnome-screenshot -c && loginctl unlock-session
The answers above did not work for me in Ubuntu 14.04 - I searched around and found this that works.
sudo apt-get install imagemagick
Create a file in your home directory named
shot.sh preferably in your home folder and paste the following code inside it:
chvt 7; sleep 5s; DISPLAY=:0 XAUTHORITY=/var/run/lightdm/root/:0 xwd -root -out ~/screenshot.xwd; convert ~/screenshot.xwd ~/screenshot.png; rm ~/screenshot.xwd
Make it executable
sudo chmod +x shot.sh
Logout of the system. Press Ctrl+Alt+F1 to go to the console (tty1) and login. Run the script using this command:
It will take you back to login screen graphical interface (chvt 7) and after five seconds it will take and save the screenshot in your home directory with a file name
Just wanted to note that I had a bunch of problems doing this on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS with this - here's my solution:
I'm on machine A, and I log on to machine B via ssh:
myusername@pcA:~$ ssh pcB myusername@pcB's password: Linux pcB 2.6.32-44-generic #98-Ubuntu SMP Mon Sep 24 17:32:45 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux Ubuntu 10.04.4 LTS Welcome to Ubuntu! * Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com/ myusername@pcB:~$
Then, I proceed with several attempts to grab screenshot, which all failed. The problem can be reduced down to
xwininfo being unable to probe for the window state:
myusername@pcB:~$ xwininfo xwininfo: unable to open display '' myusername@pcB:~$ sudo xwininfo [sudo] password for myusername: xwininfo: unable to open display '' myusername@pcB:~$ DISPLAY=:0.0 xwininfo No protocol specified xwininfo: unable to open display ':0.0' myusername@pcB:~$ DISPLAY=:0 xwininfo No protocol specified xwininfo: unable to open display ':0'
Well, it turns out that for some reason, the correct invocation for targeting X-windows via ssh is
DISPLAY=:0.0 sudo xwininfo ... - that is, the
DISPLAY=:0.0 environment variable goes first; the
sudo goes second - and then the corresponding X command:
myusername@pcB:~$ DISPLAY=:0 sudo xwininfo xwininfo: Please select the window about which you would like information by clicking the mouse in that window. myusername@pcB:~$ DISPLAY=:0.0 sudo xwininfo -root xwininfo: Window id: 0x109 (the root window) (has no name) Absolute upper-left X: 0 Absolute upper-left Y: 0 Relative upper-left X: 0 Relative upper-left Y: 0 Width: 1366 Height: 768 Depth: 24 Visual: 0x21 Visual Class: TrueColor Border width: 0 Class: InputOutput Colormap: 0x20 (installed) Bit Gravity State: ForgetGravity Window Gravity State: NorthWestGravity Backing Store State: NotUseful Save Under State: no Map State: IsViewable Override Redirect State: no Corners: +0+0 -0+0 -0-0 +0-0 -geometry 1366x768+0+0
Now that we know
xwininfo can probe the state, there is also no problem with capturing the screenshot via
myusername@pcB:~$ DISPLAY=:0.0 sudo xwd -root > /tmp/shot.xwd
I adapted the answers given by @Niroshan, @Parto and @sdaau to work on recent versions of Ubuntu like 19.04 (Disco Dingo) and 20.04 (Focal Fossa). It's a really simple process, as shown below.
First, you will have to install the imagemagick package which has all the programs that'll be used in a script to take the shot.
sudo apt install imagemagick
Second, you will need to create a file and paste the contents of the script that change the virtual console to the gdm3 tty, wait 10 seconds and, when the image is loaded on the screen, it takes the shot of the entire window in the desired format.
#!/usr/bin/env bash chvt 1 sleep 10 DISPLAY=:0.0 \ XAUTHORITY=/run/user/125/gdm/Xauthority \ import -window root gdm_shot.png
As you can see, the script sets the
$DISPLAY variable to the display number that gdm3 is using and also sets the
$XAUTHORITY variable to the file used by gdm3 to gain access to its X server. It's a little different from the previous answers because gdm3 changed its display number and the place where it stores its Xauthority file. That was a little tricky to find out.
We used the imagemagick import command instead of xwd because it not just take the shot, but converts it to .jpg or .png, for example, in one go.
Finally, after you set the script to be executable, such as,
chmod +x gdm_screenshot.sh, you will have to logout from your current gnome-session and go to any available console(tty), pressing Ctrl+Alt+F2, for example. After that, you'll need to login and run the script as root with
You'll end up with an .png image file of you GDM3 screen in the directory where you run the script.
Here is the screenshot I took when I run this script for the first time.