46

In almost every solution of "How to activate htaccess", they say that the /etc/apache2/sites-available/default file needs to be edited. But there isn't such file in Apache 2.4.7

I read somewhere that the new default file is 000-default.conf. So I edited that one and tried to add the line:

AllowOverride All

But Apache2 did not restart correctly and gave an error. From an apache2 documentation, I found that AllowOverride is only allowed under the <Directory> section. Then I tried adding this:

<Directory "/var/www">
AllowOverride All
</Directory>

And this seems to work. But I am not sure if I should have put /var/www there. Is it a correct way of doing it or will my computer blow up somehow?

58

tl;dr

Yes it's the correct way.
But to be more semantic: Yes, it's the correct way to allow .htaccess to override all directives in the /var/www directory.


As you found out, AllowOverride is allowed only under the Directory section.

Using your example:

<Directory "/var/www">
    AllowOverride All
</Directory>

This is telling apache, that all configurations can be overridden in the /var/www and all its sub-directories (recursively).


For a better example, consider you have the following configuration in your virtual host:

<Directory "/var/www">
    AllowOverride All
</Directory>

<Directory "/var/www/uploads">
    AllowOverride Limit
</Directory>

And the following directory structure:

var/
    www/
        .htaccess
        uploads/
            .htaccess
            a/
                .htaccess
            b/
                .htaccess
        code/
            .htaccess
            c/
                .htaccess
            d/
                .htaccess

What I did here, is create an .htaccess in every sub-directory of the /var/www directory.
It usually shouldn't be like so, but this is just for the sake of the example

Comparing the directory structure with the configuration, it means that all .htaccess files inside in the /var/www folder and its sub-directories, excluding the /var/www/uploads directory and its sub-directories, can override all kinds of directives.

But /var/www/uploads and its sub-directories can only use the .htaccess file to override the Allow, Deny and Order directives.

Note: As of apache 2.4 (Which is available by default in 13.10+) the Allow, Deny and Order directives were replaced by a single directive named Require.

38

First enable rewrite using this command:

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Then restart apache2:

sudo service apache2 restart

Then go into the sites-available folder:

/etc/apache2/sites-available

Edit the file named default and change AllowOverride none to AllowOverride All. There are two lines where this change has to be made.

This will make .htaccess work in your server VPS.

This worked on an Ubuntu 12.04.5 VPS.

  • 3
    there is no file named default - but there is a file named 000-default.conf – Tahir Yasin Oct 27 '15 at 12:19
  • 1
    +1 for reminding to enable the rewrite, i was missing this and couldn't figure out why its not working after doing all the stuff. – Abdul Mannan Apr 29 '16 at 10:01
  • This comment refers to the configuration of Apache 2.2, not 2.4. In 2.4, the default file is called 000-default.conf, and it doesn't contain the AllowOverride None line. – ben_nuttall Jun 23 '16 at 13:55
  • the file is 000-default.conf and it's not possible to add AllowOverride None here, if you reload apache give error – Kreker Nov 14 '16 at 14:58
  • If all you need is to allow mod_rewrite directives to be overridden in .htaccess, its better to use AllowOverride FileInfo. Although FileInfo already includes a large set of directives, you would still be restricting lots of directives from being overridden. – Dan Feb 1 '18 at 11:31
3

In my case, it worked like this:
I had to add the following lines:

Order allow, deny
Allow from all

So it looks like this:

<Directory /var/www/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    allow from all
</Directory>
  • Although this may have fixed your problem, it is not related to the question the OP has. The order and allow directives are directives in apache2.2 and earlier. They are used to allow/deny access to users on certain directories. They don't have any impact on whether the directives in a .htaccess file would be parsed or not. – Dan Jun 13 '17 at 13:55
2

Here a snippet how to enable htaccess in Apache 2.4 without change the default configuration:

cat <<EOF> /etc/apache2/conf-available/allow-override.conf
<Directory "/var/www">
    AllowOverride all
</Directory>
EOF

a2enconf allow-override
service apache2 reload

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