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I would like to have a list of the programs that i have installed via USC or terminal but without the their dependencies. Is it possible? If yes in which mode? I use Ubuntu 13.10 thank you

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If you have installed using sudo apt-get install, I can show how to get the list of software (and not dependencies).

$ cat /var/log/apt/history.log > ~/Desktop/allhistory.log && zcat /var/log/apt/history.log*gz >> ~/Desktop/allhistory.log

Will make a simple text file on your Desktop called "allhistory.log".

Among other things you will see, for example:

Start-Date: 2014-02-07  20:54:06
Commandline: apt-get install spell
Install: spell:amd64 (1.0-24), ispell:amd64 (3.3.02-6, automatic), ienglish-common:amd64 (3.3.02-6, automatic), iamerican:amd64 (3.3.02-6, automatic)
End-Date: 2014-02-07  20:54:15

Look at the second and third lines. What you want is on the second line. What you don't want, dependencies, is on the third line. That is why I like installing/removing/purging with command line.

Now, to make a list, simply run:

$ grep ^"Commandline: apt-get install" ~/Desktop/allhistory.log > ~/Desktop/installed_apps.log

You'll get a list like this:

Commandline: apt-get install --no-install-recommends rox-filer
Commandline: apt-get install spell
Commandline: apt-get install ibritish
Commandline: apt-get install htop
Commandline: apt-get install --no-install-recommends python-pip
Commandline: apt-get install bootchart

Obviously, you can clean up the output further.

Please note that the above does not apply to installing by any other method.

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Dependencies are nothing but programs
It is important that you note that dependencies are programs.There is no distinction between programs and dependencies.

Sometimes, what you may consider as dependency, maybe be a complete software which can run on it's own.

So in short,it is not possible.But you can get complete list by using the command

dpkg -l

If you want the list of only those commands who match a pattern

dpkg -l <pattern>

will do the job.

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You can list the dependencies of packages with apt-cache depends <pkg>

To list some of the packages which do not depend other packages use some command line fu:

dpkg -l|grep ^ii|while read a b c; \
do apt-cache depends $b|grep -q Depends: || echo $b; done

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