Whenever I open a .sh file, it opens it in gedit instead of the terminal. I can't find any option similar to Right Click → Open With → Other Application... → Terminal.
How do I open this file in the terminal?
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You need to mark shell scripts as executable to run them from the file manager:
Right click on your
.sh file and select Properties:
In the Permissions tab, check Allow executing file as program:
Close the Properties window and double-click the file. A dialog will pop up giving you the option to run the script in a terminal:
Before you can run the .sh file, you need to make it executable:
Make sure you trust the source where you got the file from. It could be a virus.
This has problem. The terminal will close immediately and you will not be able to see the output.
Find where the .sh file
lswill list the files and folders in the current folder. Give it a try: type "ls" and press Enter.
cd, followed by a space, followed by a folder name
cd ..to go one level up
Run the .sh file
Once you can see for example
ls run this:
The terminal has a rich set of powerful tools that are accessible by typing the commands. Professionals locate the .sh file by typing
cd. Once you are in the correct current folder you can run the script like this:
or you can run and redirect the output to a file:
./script1.sh > out.txt
or you can filter the output for keywords (e.g. "apples") an then redirect to a file:
./script1.sh | grep apples > ./only-apples
There are thousands of things you can to to that file just by typing a few commands.
Another one, you can download a file from the Internet with one simple command:
And then open the file like this:
On Ubuntu 13.04 executable files opened in Nautilus are now opened in gedit by default rather than prompting the user to execute them. To enable the classic behavior you need to adjust the preferences:
Nautilus → Edit menu → Preferences → Behaviour tab → Click the radio button near Ask each time.
Go to the directory where the
.sh file is by using
cd. In this example I have stored my
sh file as
pwd to figure out where you are, and if it returns
username is your real username), you can run
If you seem to be somewhere else, you can use the absolute path
these are all ways of describing the same place. Once you've made it to the location of your script, type
If you can see the
sh file in the output, you can use
chmod to make it executable. In my case, remember, the filename is
test.sh, so I would run
chmod u+x test.sh
Now that we are in the same directory as the script, we have to specify to the shell that we want to execute the file by giving its location
./ (the current directory followed by a path separator, to distinguish it from the filename). To run my file I would type:
If your script has been written correctly it will run without errors...
For Ubuntu 18.04, There is a little modification, as you don't get a pop-up dialog.
So what you need to do is:
Right click on Files, Select Preferences > Select Behavior Tab > Mark 'Ask what to do' option under Executable text file.
Now, When you double-click on any .sh file, you will get a popup, there you can select "run in terminal" option to run your .sh file.
There are a few ways to do this.
In the terminal, access the directory the Bash file is in using
cd (change directory).
This also works with .run files. There is an example of this usage at this webpage on updating Rhythmbox.
In the terminal, navigate to the directory the bash file is in.
chmod +x <filename>.sh
In Nautilus, open the file.
2 main steps.
in terminal, use gedit to write and save script with ".sh" extension to desktop. (but any text editor can be used)
open Nautilus and right click the script.sh file.
under properties, check box "allow executing file.."
in Nautilus menu, click file,then preferences,then behaviour
check the "run executable text files when they are opened".
Now, when you double click the file on the desktop, it should execute.
no need for
If you place your shell script or other executable you create in /usr/local/bin it will be found and executed without having to provide a folder path in the command line or adding ./ to the name. For example I created the following simple 3 line bash script to display disk UUIDs:
#!/bin/bash echo "* UUIDs must match in /etc/fstab and /boot/grub/menu.lst" sudo blkid
I called the file uuid and placed it in /usr/local/bin. All I need enter on the command line is:
Well, I too faced the same problem. I wanted to execute the .sh file and it opened with Gedit on CentOS 7. So here is what I did:
.shfile I wanted to execute.
The problem I have found on a few distributions is they have hidden the preferences option in Nautilus, but to fix it in Ubuntu and other distributions using Gnome3 is the same (literally just done the Fedora version of this and posting the actual fix to remind me how in the future).
sudo apt-get install dconf-editor
dconf-editor using the user account you want this on, i.e NOT root
Navigate to the following schema:
Change the default option to not open by default:
executable-text-activation click the word
display and change to
that will give you the option to edit, view or run the file going forward