The server version of Ubuntu does not have the
add-apt-repository command. How can I add a Personal Package Archive (PPA) to the server without this command?
You can simply add the
add-apt-repository command. In 13.10 and later, you also need to run this command:
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
Side note: in 11.04 they added a symlink to
add-apt-repository so it can be run as
apt-add-repository which totally makes more sense to me. Everything else apt starts with "apt".
NOTE: It's part of the
python-software-properties package (before 13.10):
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
Seeing it's actually a function of apt it is actually logical to me. "add repository with apt" > "apt-add-repository" Mar 27, 2012 at 15:32
5what if "python-software-properties" is already installed, and you still get "command not found" when trying to use "apt-add-repository"?– monkutJul 23, 2012 at 1:08
Did you also try "add-apt-respository"? On versions before 11.04 you must put the "add" before the "apt". Jul 26, 2012 at 21:24
what are you supposed to do when 'apt-get install python-software-properties' fails because it depends on python-curl, which is 'not installable'? On my 12.04 system, it complains that it's "unable to correct problems - you have held broken packages" Jan 16, 2015 at 22:15
software-properties-commona set of defined tools or collection of utils?– AlexMay 21, 2015 at 8:20
Let me teach you how to fish.
apt-file enables you to find out which package provides a given file.
dpkg -S does the same thing, but only for installed packages.
apt-file works whether or not the package has been installed.
So, first you install apt-file:
sudo apt-get install apt-file. You then need to update its information, just as you have to with apt-get:
sudo apt-file update. Now it's ready for use:
$ apt-file search add-apt-repository python-software-properties: /usr/bin/add-apt-repository python-software-properties: /usr/share/man/man1/add-apt-repository.1.gz
So, in this case the next thing to do would be to install python-software-properties.
4excellent tip - it perhaps shouldnt be buried in this question - a separate question would be a good idea to highlight this.– fossfreedom ♦Aug 2, 2011 at 11:47
@fossfreedom Is this what you're talking about? - askubuntu.com/questions/13792/…– jrgAug 2, 2011 at 12:46
9Due to this tip I discovered that in 12.10 server apt-add-repository is located in software-properties-common (no longer in python-software-properties) Mar 10, 2013 at 22:08
1Why do I keep forgetting that this incredibly useful command exists! Great answer.– lleaffMar 7, 2017 at 10:38
It is not necessarily the best answer, but this will function:
The old-fashioned way (pre Ubuntu 9.10, they call it) of editing
/etc/apt/sources.list still works. You will also need to get the GPG key on the system manually.
On older (pre 9.10) Ubuntu systems:
Step 1: Visit the PPA's overview page in Launchpad. Look for the heading that reads Adding this PPA to your system and click the Technical details about this PPA link.
Step 2: Use the Display sources.list entries drop-down box to select the version of Ubuntu you're using.
Step 3: You'll see that the text-box directly below reads something like this:
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/gwibber-daily/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main deb-src http://ppa.launchpad.net/gwibber-daily/ppa/ubuntu jaunty main
Copy those lines.
Step 4: Open a terminal and type:
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
This will open a text editor containing the list of archives that your system is currently using. Scroll to the bottom of the file and paste the lines you copied in the step above.
Save the file and exit the text editor.
Step 5: Back on the PPA's overview page, look for the Signing key heading. You'll see something like:
1024R/72D340A3 (What is this?)
Copy the portion after the slash but not including the help link; e.g. just 72D340A3.
Step 6: Now you need to add that key to your system so Ubuntu can verify the packages from the PPA. In your terminal, enter:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 72D340A3
(Replace 72D340A3 with whatever you copied in the step 5.)
This will now pull down the PPA's key and add it to your system.
Step 7: Now, as a one-off, you should tell your system to pull down the latest list of software from each archive it knows about, including the PPA you just added:
sudo apt-get update
Now you're ready to start installing software from the PPA!
1If no other quicker and more user friendly answer is given then i will put this one as the correct. It solves the problem in a "special" way ;) Apr 29, 2011 at 15:10
1While add-apt-repository is easier, in a server install I like to keep things lean, so I don't mind doing it manually. This was the answer I was looking for. Apr 14, 2013 at 18:30
1This method is way better than installing
apt-add-repositoryand all the crap that comes with the requisite package. Oct 22, 2013 at 20:25
4software-properties-common package is HUGE, seems too much for just appending some text to a file and running a couple of commands. Such a waste of space while using in Docker. This answer is so very helpful! Sep 11, 2015 at 6:56
3This should be the accepted answer, since the OP asked how to get around not using add-apt-repository... Thanks a bunch for this one!– djBoMay 21, 2016 at 9:52
add-apt-repository is provided by the package
Thus if you should install via
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
Thanks! I must say that I find a quite illogical name. Also, do you have any idea why I it is not standard installed? Aug 2, 2011 at 10:41
2agreed illogical - as to why, you could speculate that servers are usually 'fixed' in terms of running software. Thus you dont need the 'luxury' of adding and removing repositories frequently ... end-of-speculation!– fossfreedom ♦Aug 2, 2011 at 10:46
Why is it illogical? It's a set of python tools to deal with software properties. add-apt-repository is one of those tools. Aug 2, 2011 at 13:32
I already have
python-software-propertiesinstalled but I keep getting this error. I tried
add-aptnotations, and none work... what to do?– MohamadMay 15, 2013 at 23:17
1@Mohamad, because it's wrong, at least for Ubuntu 14.04. All you need to install is
software-properties-common. Jan 9, 2015 at 22:21
Run this command:
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
And then you can add your repository running:
sudo add-apt-repository [REPOSITORY]
Renember to replace
[REPOSITORY] with the repository name you want to add.
I had a debate with a colleague about this a few weeks ago. Give
a try. Doesn't need any other packages. Note that apt appears before add. Order does matter because add-apt-repository needs to be installed.
For those naysayers out there. Give this Vagrant file a try. Note, I'm starting from a fresh trusty image, and adding the ppa right out of the box.
# -*- mode: ruby -*- # vi: set ft=ruby : # All Vagrant configuration is done below. The "2" in Vagrant.configure # configures the configuration version (we support older styles for # backwards compatibility). Please don't change it unless you know what # you're doing. Vagrant.configure(2) do |config| config.vm.box = "ubuntu/trusty64" config.ssh.username = "vagrant" config.vm.provision "shell", inline: <<-SHELL sudo apt-add-repository ppa:george-edison55/cmake-3.x -y sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt install -y virtualbox-guest-dkms sudo apt-get install -y curl g++ libpng12-dev \ libtiff5-dev libssl-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev libpq-dev postgresql-client \ postgresql pgadmin3 liblcms2-dev libcrypto++9 libcrypto++-dev \ graphviz-dev libboost1.55-dev libboost-filesystem1.55-dev libboost-system1.55-dev \ libexpat1-dev python-software-properties qtbase5-dev qttools5-dev \ libqt5svg5-dev qtscript5-dev qtdeclarative5-dev qtmultimedia5-dev \ libsqlite3-dev qt5-default cmake SHELL end
Update: Just to clarify, it looks like the cloud images for ubuntu precise and up have the correct package already installed. So whether we are talking cloud-init scripts or a vagrant file, apt-add-repository is present. Since add-apt-repository is in the same package that should work as well.
Order doesn't matter. See askubuntu.com/questions/83489/….– edwinkslAug 19, 2016 at 0:45
1Do explain why this vagrant file works then. Note I'm not argueing that they do something different. They do exactly the same thing. You just need a package for the add-apt, where as the other works from scratch.– AtifAug 19, 2016 at 0:48
@atifm: See this answer: $ apt-file search add-apt-repository software-properties-common: /usr/bin/add-apt-repository software-properties-common: /usr/share/man/man1/add-apt-repository.1.gz $ apt-file search apt-add-repository software-properties-common: /usr/bin/apt-add-repository software-properties-common: /usr/share/man/man1/apt-add-repository.1.gz– tricasseOct 25, 2016 at 22:53
@tricasse: Thanks for the link to apt-file, that'll be useful elsewhere. So your right, they are in the same package as verified by apt-file. That said, it looks like the ubuntu cloud images (for vagrant) for precise and trusty has the package already installed. Not sure if this was always the case, but it seems to be the case at the moment– AtifOct 26, 2016 at 10:40
software-properties-common, as shown by: $ type add-apt-repository add-apt-repository is hashed (/usr/bin/add-apt-repository) $ apt-file search /usr/bin/add-apt-repository software-properties-common: /usr/bin/add-apt-repository on previous versions it can be found indeed on
python-software-properties--- UPDATE: I comment it here, because I couldn't add it as a comment!