I'm trying to set up a MaaS server inside an LXC container.

When I import the PXE files, it needs to be able to mount loop devices.

I have set the following options in the container config file to allow loop mounting, but I'm missing something.

lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = b 7:* rwm
lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 10:237 rwm

I get the following error because the script cannot loop mount a file:

mount: cannot mount block device /dev/loop0 read-only
Wed, 13 Nov 2013 07:26:41 +0000: failed to mount /var/lib/maas/ephemeral/precise/ephemeral/i386/20131010/disk.img
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/sbin/maas-import-ephemerals", line 26, in <module>
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/provisioningserver/import_images/ephemerals_script.py", line 428, in main
    target.sync(source, args.path)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/simplestreams/mirrors/__init__.py", line 85, in sync
    return self.sync_index(reader, path, data, content)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/simplestreams/mirrors/__init__.py", line 237, in sync_index
    self.sync(reader, path=epath)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/simplestreams/mirrors/__init__.py", line 83, in sync
    return self.sync_products(reader, path, data, content)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/simplestreams/mirrors/__init__.py", line 315, in sync_products
    self.insert_item(item, src, target, pgree, ipath_cs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/provisioningserver/import_images/ephemerals_script.py", line 251, in insert_item
    self.extract_item(path, flat)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/provisioningserver/import_images/ephemerals_script.py", line 295, in extract_item
    tarball, target_dir, temp_location=self._simplestreams_path())
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/provisioningserver/import_images/ephemerals_script.py", line 124, in extract_image_tarball
    call_uec2roottar(image, os.path.join(target_dir, 'dist-root.tar.gz'))
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/provisioningserver/import_images/ephemerals_script.py", line 97, in call_uec2roottar
    subprocess.check_call(["uec2roottar"] + list(args))
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/subprocess.py", line 540, in check_call
    raise CalledProcessError(retcode, cmd)
subprocess.CalledProcessError: Command '[u'uec2roottar', u'/var/lib/maas/ephemeral/precise/ephemeral/i386/20131010/disk.img', u'/var/lib/maas/ephemeral/precise/ephemeral/i386/20131010/dist-root.tar.gz']' returned non-zero exit status 1
root@maaslxc2:~# mount /dev/loop0 /mnt
mount: block device /dev/loop0 is write-protected, mounting read-only
mount: cannot mount block device /dev/loop0 read-only

So, what do I need to change in the container's configuration to allow it to mount loop devices? It appears that this is not just a MaaS problem, but a restriction that would cause trouble for anything (not just MaaS) that needs to loop mount a file in a LXC container.


The issue you were running into is with apparmor. 'dmesg' would probably have shown you something like:

[ 4822.366235] type=1400 audit(1384973058.254:52): apparmor="DENIED" operation="mount" 
info="failed type match" error=-13 parent=1272 profile="lxc-container-default" 
name="/mnt/" pid=1273 comm="mount" fstype="ext4" srcname="/dev/loop0/" flags="ro"

You can allow your lxc container to do mounts of ext2, ext3, or ext4 filesystems in one of 2 ways. The simplist is to just add the following to the lxc config (/var/lib/lxc/$NAME/config):

lxc.aa_profile = unconfined
lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = b 7:* rwm
lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 10:237 rwm

A much more restrictive solution that still grants the necessary permissions is to do the following:

$ sudo tee /etc/apparmor.d/lxc/lxc-custom-mounts <<EOF
# copied and modified from /etc/apparmor.d/lxc/lxc-default
profile lxc-container-extx-mounts flags=(attach_disconnected,mediate_deleted) {
  #include <abstractions/lxc/container-base>
  mount fstype=ext4 -> /**,
  mount fstype=ext3 -> /**,
  mount fstype=ext2 -> /**,

# reload the lxc-containers profile
$ sudo apparmor_parser --replace /etc/apparmor.d/lxc-containers

$ sudo lxc-create -t ubuntu-cloud -n source-saucy-amd64 -- --release=saucy --arch=amd64

$ name="test1"
$ cfg=/var/lib/lxc/$name/config;
$ sudo lxc-clone -o source-saucy-amd64 -n "$name"

## modify the config to use the profile created above
$ sudo grep "#allow-loop" "$cfg" || sudo tee -a "$cfg" <<EOF
lxc.aa_profile = lxc-container-extx-mounts
lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = b 7:* rwm
lxc.cgroup.devices.allow = c 10:237 rwm

You can then verify it works in the container with something as easy as:

$ truncate --size 100M my.img
$ mkfs.ext4 -F my.img
$ sudo mount -o loop,ro my.img /mnt
$ ls /mnt
$ sudo umount /mnt

I've just opened bug 1257389 to address this. Hopefully sometime soon maas-import-ephemerals will work inside a container.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.