I'm following these instructions, however I can only get to step 17.2.

Despite installing postgresql successfully via the

sudo apt-get install postgresql

command, upon running

initdb -D /usr/local/pgsql/data

Ubuntu tells me that it 'initdb' isn't installed. The instructions tell me this command is installed by

sudo apt-get install postgresql

so what's going on? I can make initdb available by installing postgres-xc, but I think postgres-xc is just some weird third party rubbish, and it's not detailed in the instructions. Any ideas?

5 Answers 5


You will find initdb under /usr/lib/postgresql/x.y/bin/. See also /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz for more information on the setup on Debian and Ubuntu.

  • This really should be the accepted answer. initdb is the underlying command but Debian and Ubuntu users should be using pg_createcluster and its related suite of commands. Furthermore you normally do not need to initdb OR pg_createcluster after apt-get install postgresql because the standard install already creates a default cluster, with a server and default/template databases, for you. The README Peter mentions above is worth your time to read.
    – cdaddr
    May 14, 2014 at 7:52
  • 2
    @cdaddr No, you usually don't need it after installing postgres. Still, if you find yourself in need of recreating a cluster quickly and don't want to bother with reinstalling postgres or if you need to initialise a new database in a non-standard location this may come in handy. So yes, this is a great answer.
    – Erathiel
    Nov 9, 2015 at 10:12
  • 2
    Works. And it's the best because this way I can be sure which version I'm using.
    – sudo
    Jul 7, 2017 at 22:17
  • we are searching for initdb because, tutorial says so postgresql.org/docs/10/static/creating-cluster.html
    – nerkn
    Dec 8, 2017 at 8:05
  • ... but: ls -l /usr/lib/postgresql/11/bin/ returns: ` total 36 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 34888 Aug 13 23:56 pg_config*` and running pg_createcluster ...args returns: ` Error: no initdb program for version 11 found ` So the package appears to be broke. Jan 4, 2021 at 22:21

initdb is intended to be run under the postgres user account that is created during the install. After installing postgresql you can do:

sudo su - postgres

Then you should be able to run initdb.

  • 11
    Quoting from /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz: Please note that you can of course also use the upstream tools for creating clusters, such as initdb(1). However, please note that in this case you cannot expect *any* of above pg_* tools to work, since they use different configuration settings and file locations. If in doubt, then do *not* use initdb, but only pg_createcluster. Since merely installing postgresql-X.Y will already set up a default cluster which is ready to work, most people do not need to bother about initdb or pg_createcluster at all.
    – cdaddr
    May 14, 2014 at 7:56
  • 4
    Even after switching to the postgres user I still get this error
    – Cogwheel
    May 13, 2017 at 19:04
  • This doesn't work for me in Ubuntu Server 14 using Postgres 9.6.
    – sudo
    Jul 7, 2017 at 22:17
  • 1
    It does not work, since initdb is in /usr/lib/postgresql/X.X/bin/.
    – Li Dong
    Nov 15, 2017 at 9:07
  • Unfortunately this is an artificial limitation introduced by the Debian package, and the documentation FUD describes this. Note that pg_createcluster is another Debian-ism which seems to be absent in newer versions. Jul 13, 2023 at 13:28

initdb is not installed as user executable. Is only installed in /usr/lib/postgresql/X.X/bin/, because it always depends on the version. initdb can only be executed from that specific directory.

As mentioned in other answers, installation of postgres creates a default directory that may be in a limited partition. Users may want to change this, but it requires other steps also. see here.


if you install postgresql and got initdb: command not found

you should add below line in ~/.bashrc (OR .zshrc) file:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/lib/postgresql/x.y/bin/

and then

source ~/.bashrc

Actually the initdb is exist in that path. after that you can use initdb command.


Follow the following steps with user root

  1. passwd postgres - your password
  2. su postgres
  3. psql
  4. Create a user with your user name like CREATE USER SAM ;
  5. create database sam;
  6. Log out and type psql <your_user>
  • This answer does not address the question directly at all.
    – cdaddr
    May 14, 2014 at 7:57

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