I would like to pre-install Ubuntu on a computer for someone. I may want to customize it for them, but in the end they need to be able to choose a username, password, etc. when they first boot it up. (Also called an OEM install).
How do I do this?
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
It's very easy to install Ubuntu on a computer for someone else, so that you can customize it for their needs but they can still perform the final basic setup (username, password, language, etc.).
1 (Updated for Ubuntu 20.04 UEFI).
Make sure to boot from the installation USB in the UEFI mode. You will see the screen below. If you don't see this grub menu, then you did not boot in the UEFI mode from the USB.
Select OEM install (for Manufacturer) as shown below:
The rest of the process is pretty much the same as below.
###Phase 2. Customization
###Phase 3. End-user configuration/"installation"
I originally thought this feature was only available in the alternate installer but I have been corrected. I was able to boot up a USB key for the desktop CD, holding down the left shift key until I was asked to choose a language, and then I hit F4 and was presented with this menu:
Colin Watson also notes that you can enable
oem-config/enable=true as a boot parameter to expose the feature. After using it it prompted me with OEM-looking prompts:
If you are using the alternate installer you can just hit F4 and choose OEM Install right from the first screen:
When the boot menu comes up all you have to do is select "Install in OEM Mode" then walk through the rest of the process.
Here is more detailed instructions with screen shots:
Here is a screenshot of this option from Ubuntu 12.04 installation. You need to press a key to bring this option menu just after starting to boot the Live CD or USB.