After enabling my Compose key, I want to find the list of all the key combinations I can use to create special characters. Where is the full list that my system is using when parsing the keys typed after the Compose key?

I know about things like ë(e"), °(oo), and ‽(!?), but there are surely many more. Everything I've found online seems out of date or incomplete. I would expect the full list to be locale-specific too.

  • In case you did not know, you can get any Unicode character you want, by pressing Ctrl + Shift + U, followed by a hexadecimal number
    – Lekensteyn
    Apr 13, 2011 at 19:53
  • That hermit.org link is down. Here's a copy: tstarling.com/stuff/ComposeKeys.html
    – wjandrea
    Apr 6, 2020 at 23:47

2 Answers 2


The full list of key combinations is available on the local filesystem here:


Everything that starts with <Multi_key> is a Compose key combination.

You'll find a lot of multi-number combinations producing stuff like:

  • 34 as ¾
  • (10) as ⑩

And there are some fun (nearly easter egg) things in there too, including:

  • :) as ☺
  • <3 as ♥
  • CCCP as ☭


  • mind = blown ; ♥ = <Multi_key> <less> <3>
    – daithib8
    Apr 13, 2011 at 20:04
  • that file doesn't appear to cover all the characters that are available in gucharmap ( character map). Tip: by switching the view to unicode block many types of characters are revealed . Many are available as part of Deja Vu font.
    – daithib8
    Apr 13, 2011 at 20:24
  • Right, it doesn't cover all the unicode characters -- there are full references of that in lots of places. I was just curious about the Compose-key combination list.
    – Kees Cook
    Apr 13, 2011 at 21:55
  • 1
    That's not the right path necessarily. For me, $LANG == en_AU.UTF-8, and the path doesn't exist. However, I can find the true path using strace -e open xterm |& grep Compose (i.e. at /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose).
    – Sparhawk
    Oct 4, 2013 at 6:19
  • 2
    What are those keys? <Multi_key> <U2193> <U2395>
    – pihentagy
    Jun 7, 2019 at 12:43

This answer adapted from Adapted from How to list all currently available compose key combinations?

less "/usr/share/X11/locale/$(grep -m1 "${LANG%.*}.UTF-8\$" /usr/share/X11/locale/locale.dir | cut -d/ -f1)/Compose"

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