When I tried to install Matlab using the Software Center, it prompted me for the
Location of MATLAB installation(s). Since I am trying to install it, I don't know what to do.
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You are trying to install
matlab-support, which needs matlab to be installed first. Follow the instructions given here to install matlab first:
In the instructions given on that page, when you try to install the "ia32-libs" package, you will be prompted to choose an application. For this click on "browse" and then go to /usr/bin/software-center.
MATLAB in the software centre does not provide MATLAB which is not free but helps to configure an existing MATLAB installation to run better on Debian based Linux operating systems such as Ubuntu as shown below.
If you are looking for similar free programs for Ubuntu take a look at this question:
Similar tools for MATLAB
First of all I assume that you have MatlabR201x.iso for Linux.
Make directory under /media/'username'/iso with sudo. here is example for username da.
sudo mkdir /home/da/iso
Then mount the Matlab installation .iso to that directory.
mount MatlabR201x.iso /home/da/iso -o loop
then execute the installer with sudo permissions.
Ps: These instructions are tested with latest Kubuntu 19.10 in time of writing.