This version of make is available in Ubuntu.
How to check whether make is installed or not?
Just type this into the program "terminal" and press enter:
It will tell you the version of your current installed make or tell you it is not installed.
It's not installed. What now?
What you did was downloading the source code. So apparently you do have internet somewhere else. So just download this file, it's the binary (compiled) version of make from the official Ubuntu repository: https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/make-doc_3.81-5.1_all.deb
Copy it on your computer, double click on it and click on Install. It's easy!
I really just want to extract this file!
In this case it does not really make sense, but just to give the information:
Extracting in file browser
Right click on the file and click on extract here (or similar, I'm using Ubuntu in german).
Extracting via terminal
use the command cd to go to the correct folder:
and then extract the file:
tar xzf make-3.81.tar.gz