I know how to create a hotspot when connected to a wired network, but when I am using internet from a WiFi connection, this disconnects the wireless connection the moment I activate the hotspot.

In Windows I can use Connectify Hotspot, which enables me to share the internet connection from the same wireless adapter as I am creating an access point on. As you can read on the technology overview page:

Access Point mode allows you to create a hotspot using the same Wi-Fi card that you are using to access the Internet.

How do I do this on Ubuntu?

  • 3
    Do you have two Wifi-Sticks or built-in-wifi? Because you need always one to receive and one to send. Even with connectify I think. If you look on their website they alsways show how to share 3G/4G via wifi, but never two wifi like they say in their advertisments. It IS possible, but only with two wifi adapters. I have never heard of a software technology that avoids that. There are other possibilities, though. – verpfeilt Jul 11 '13 at 15:53
  • 5
    I've voted to reopen this question, because it is different from the "How to Share your Internet Connection" question. First of all, the OP found that option already (so does not need the answers there) and secondly, it is about the situation to use a single networking device to share the connection from and to. See also Hotspot and Internet access together — why not? – gertvdijk Jul 25 '13 at 18:07
  • Very Interesting. I like to add, that from the hardware site of things, you need a capable Wireless Card (I know that the lenovo in office is not able to create wireless AP's, it's simply not possible by hardware, business security means) Another thing, is, that you need at least two Antennas to really make it work, or a magic software that can emulate two connections on one Antenna. P.S.: I am not a hardware technician. It is possible that I understood nothing and talk rubbish. ;) – mondjunge Jul 26 '13 at 8:59
  • @mondjunge The single antenna will only force you to use the same frequency/channel. But yes, of course this could be disabled in hardware completely. However, most chipsets are universal by hardware. It's just firmware + drivers that make the difference for most. – gertvdijk Jul 26 '13 at 10:10

Simple steps: Create wifi hotspot in ubuntu

  1. Disable Wifi (Uncheck Enable Wi-Fi)
  2. Go to network connection (Edit Connections...)
  3. Click "Add"
  4. Choose "Wi-Fi" and click "Create"
  5. Type in Connection name like "wifi-hotspot"
  6. Type in SSID as you wish
  7. Choose Device MAC Address from the dropdown (wlan0)
  8. Wifi Security select "WPA & WPA2 Personal" and set a password.
  9. Go to IPv4 Settings tab, from Method drop-down box select Shared to other computers.
  10. Then save and close.
  11. Open Terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and type in the following command with your connection name used in step 5.

    sudo gedit /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/wifi-hotspot
  12. Find mode=infrastructure and change it to mode=ap

  13. Now check the network section where wi-fi will be connected to the created hotspot automatically. If you can not find it, go to Connect to Hidden Network... Find the connection and connect to it.

Source: http://ubuntuhandbook.org/index.php/2014/09/3-ways-create-wifi-hotspot-ubuntu/

  • Wow.. first simple solution I've found. +1 – aggregate1166877 Jun 17 '15 at 17:45
  • 2
    Simple, but doesn't answer seem to answer the question asked here: in my hands it does not result in sharing of wireless-to-wireless using a single wireless network interface. – Alex Coventry Jan 10 '16 at 0:08
  • 12. a) Enable Wifi (Check Enable Wi-Fi) – Jess Telford Aug 1 '17 at 2:33
  • My wifi-hotspot was created successfully but when I was connect my phone It Connected but no Internet access So How can I access my Internet access Plz help – Gagan Aug 10 '17 at 13:00
  • Using a USB WiFi adapter as the hotspot, so that my internal card can be the receiver of internet, I get this error: Connection failure. Failed to activate connection. (32) Access Point (AP) mode is not supported by this device. Any way to fix this? – Gabriel Staples Dec 15 '17 at 19:16
up vote 38 down vote

After I saw this link offered by vasishath, I managed to setup a wireless hotspot to share the internet connection from the same single wireless interface device. This wireless device must to use an Atheros driver that is already build with nl80211 support. Next I will show you how.

Detect if your wireless device will work with this method

Run the following command in terminal:

lsmod | grep ath

If the output is null or if the string cfg80211 is not in the output, it makes no sense to continue and you should pay attention at second and third point from this answer.

Tools needed

Check whether all the below mentioned packages are installed: iw, hostapd, iptables, udhcpd, udhcpc, macchanger.

You can install these with

sudo apt-get install iw hostapd iptables udhcpd udhcpc macchanger

Edit some files

Run the following command in terminal to edit corresponding files:

sudo -H gedit /etc/hostapd.conf /etc/udhcpd.conf /etc/default/udhcpd /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf
  • In hostapd.conf file add the following code:

    ssid=my_wifi_hotspot      #Change the ssid name as you wish
    channel=11                #I sugest you to use the same channel as your wireless network
    wpa_passphrase=1234567890 #Change the passphrase as you wish
  • In udhcpd.conf file comment all the current lines (by adding a # character in front of the line) and add the following new lines:

    start         #These IPs must to be in the same subset as your current default route
    interface new1 
    opt dns         #Your current default route (Gateway)
    option subnet
    opt router    #This IP must to be in the same subset as your current default route
    option  domain  localhost
  • In /etc/default/udhcp, comment the line that says DHCPD_ENABLED="no".

  • In wpa_supplicant.conf you must provide the settings of your current wireless network. See man wpa_supplicant for some quick examples. And you probably have more examples in /usr/share/doc/wpa_supplicant/ directory. I used something like:

  • Save all the files and close them.

Note: All of these edits doesn't affect with nothing your current network configuration.

Make a shell script

  • In a terminal run mkdir -p bin - this command will make a bin directory in your home folder if you don't already have it.
  • After run gedit ~/bin/hotspotsetup.sh - this will create the new file change_sources.sh in gedit.
  • Copy and paste the following script in the new created file:

service network-manager stop
sleep 1

pkill -15 nm-applet
sleep 1

ifconfig wlan0 down             #wlan0 - the name of your wireless adapter
sleep 1

iw phy phy0 interface add new0 type station
iw phy phy0 interface add new1 type __ap
sleep 2

ifconfig new0 down
macchanger --mac 00:11:22:33:44:55 new0
ifconfig new1 down
macchanger --mac 00:11:22:33:44:66 new1
ifconfig new0 up
ifconfig new1 up

ifconfig new1 up  # - the same IP defined for router in 'udhcpd.conf' file 
hostapd /etc/hostapd.conf &
sleep 2

service udhcpd start

wpa_supplicant -inew0 -c/etc/wpa_supplicant.conf &
sleep 10

udhcpc -i new0

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
iptables --table nat --append POSTROUTING --out-interface new0 -j MASQUERADE
iptables --append FORWARD --in-interface new1 -j ACCEPT
  • Save the file and close it.
  • Go back into terminal and run: chmod +x ~/bin/hotspotsetup.sh - to grant execute access for the script.

Start the wireless hotspot being connected to a wireless network from the same wireless adapter

Run the above script in terminal with root privileges:

sudo ~/bin/hotspotsetup.sh



Note: To start again your network-manager service as it was before to run the hotspotsetup.sh script, restart your computer (sudo reboot).

Source: Connectify for Linux with Single wireless interface.

  • 2
    It is out of the question if this is possible by hardware or not. If a Windows and FreeBSD application/driver can do this, then it should be possible in Ubuntu as well. Maybe not through the usual NetworkManager way, but that's not a criteria for a valid answer. – gertvdijk Jul 26 '13 at 10:07
  • Windows and free version of Connectify definitely can use same wifi card for both receiving and sharing internet connection, I use this feature alot and its the only thing I miss from Windows. I'm sure this is doable in Ubuntu as well if somebody create an open source driver with same feature as Connectify. – Nur Jul 28 '13 at 7:59
  • 1
    @Nur There is a limited list of devices that have been tested by Connectify, or reported by multiple users, as fully-functional with Connectify Hotspot. So, not all devices will work in this sense – Radu Rădeanu Jul 28 '13 at 12:27
  • I'm pretty sure my atheros card is fully functional because I already use connectify for ages, not a single problem happen. Gonna try this setup, I hope this'll work. – Nur Jul 28 '13 at 17:44
  • 1
    This is a great answer, but I am having trouble getting it to work! I had to enable udhcpd in /etc/default/udhcp.conf, but still no luck. It keeps giving me Sending discover... and new0: CTRL-EVENT-SCAN-STARTED even though everything else went well... Also when I try to connect to the network it never works! I have edited your anser with regard to udhcpd, but can you please say how to fix the connection issue? – Richard Jan 3 '15 at 7:15

This was added as another answer because the other answer created so much controversy.

Most and foremost, you need to know the name of our wireless adapter. Use the below command to get it:


It would be most probably wlan0 or wlan1.

There are cases that we use old WiFi adapter and we want to know the driver it uses. We can use the below commands in accordance with it's type that is either USB or PCI.


Use the below command to see which driver you currently use:


Need to install a programs. Just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the command(s) below:

sudo apt-get install hostapd

Open the main network adapter configuration file by this command:

sudo gedit /etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf

And edit it like this:


The first line should be your network adapter name. The 2nd line should not be changed in most cases, unless you were not lucky and you require a 3rd party driver. The 3rd line does not require explanation. The 4th line should be your WiFi access point name (SSID). The fifth line identifies your network as a/b/g/n mode. The next line is your network channel. The remaining lines set security and encryption. In most cases, you only require to change pass phrase.

Open the 2nd configuration file by this command:

sudo gedit /etc/default/hostapd

And change it like this:


First line points to main network adapter configuration file. 2nd line tells hostapd to run in DAEMON mode in background on boot. The last line tells hostapd to log every message. The important trick here is if you like to use two different wireless network adapters to setup a Dual Band Access Point, you should create to separate original config files (1st file) for each ard and change it like this:

DAEMON_CONF="/etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf /etc/hostapd/hostapd2.conf"

The configurations are finished.

Running DAEMON

Now you have to ensure that hostapd DAEMON starts on boot (1st command below), you should also run it now to avoid a mandatory reboot.

sudo update-rc.d hostapd defaults
sudo /etc/init.d/hostapd start

And it is finished. Now we can connect to our newly built access point.

Sources:Hostapd:The Linux Way to create Virtual Wifi Access Point & Hostapd Linux documentation page

  • You said with your own words: "You need to know the name of the network adapter that you connect to the internet on. This must be different from the network adapter you configured above", but you specified the same: "ie wlan0". Also in the given source is specified very clear in the Concept section: "You need to have 2 interfaces, one which accesses the net (e.g. eth0), and other which provides the access point services (e.g. wlan0)". – Radu Rădeanu Jul 28 '13 at 5:07
  • I think that the OP wants to use the same adapter: "But when I am browsing internet WiFi internet connection and I want to create a wireless hotspot the WiFi internet is disconnected". And gertvdijk specified this when he start the bounty. – Radu Rădeanu Jul 28 '13 at 7:25
  • @RaduRădeanu Is this better? Will you let me know? Thanks – Mitch Jul 28 '13 at 7:45
  • In my opinion the previous version was better (but is just an opinion). – Radu Rădeanu Jul 28 '13 at 15:13

As you can see in the comments to this answer ther IS a way to do this. It's documented for FreeBSD (which is not Ubuntu/Linux) here: https://serverfault.com/questions/192144/connect-to-multiple-ap-with-one-wifi-adapter-under-linux-freebsd (Link from the comment). It does not seem to work exactly the same way on Linux, but it should be similar. Unfortunately I wasn't able to find more detailed information about this topic.

The probably easiest and most common way is using two physical network interfaces. So you may buy another wifi stick or just use another technology to connect further and do just one of them via Wifi. The possibilities are for example:

  • Bluetooth + Wifi
  • LAN/Ethernet + Wifi
  • 3G/LTE + Wifi
  • Wifi (external) + Wifi (built-in or second external)

Once I noticed that Ubuntu Linux is capable of managing two wifi devices at once without being complicated. I did not test this in ways of sharing the internet connection etc, but it should be possible. The way how complicated it will be is probably depending of the type of connections you use. On Linux you probably do not need and kind of special software. It should be possible to share connections without the need for any special tools. Unfortunately I cannot try it at this time.

I recommend you try Wifi to Wifi if you have another wifi stick anyway and otherwise LAN or Bluetooth (which is built-in in most notebooks). 3G/LTE sharing is a bit bad because of providers dataplans and so on.

  • 2
  • Wow, it even does not seem to be that hard to do. At least on FreeBSD. But I still think, if this is supposed to be used often and/or many devices are supposed to be routed through these two connections, it's better to use two physical network interfaces if available. Also it should be relatively easy configurable with the ubuntu network settings (gui). It's a very interesting idea, though. Surely useful in some cases. I noticed some things in my answer that are misunderstandable (and some as you noticed, wrong). I'll edit it. – verpfeilt Jul 25 '13 at 19:52

The best way I have found to create a CONNECTIFY EXPERIENCE is to use AP-HOTSPOT!
(WPA2..not wep like linux does by default in ubuntu)

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ap-hotspot

To Run and Options

Start: sudo ap-hotspot start

Stop: sudo ap-hotspot stop

Configure: sudo ap-hotspot Configure

Want a Graphical User Interface?

To install it open up a terminal, then browse to with:


Then run the install commands:



Creates a program... Drag it to desktop and done :) cheers

As far as two adapters... Windows and free bsd can do it... As of now i'm still trying to figure it out as I only approached this scenario for myself as of yesterday! I will report back... Linux can do it as well.. It is not an hardware limitation for the adapters that can do it with other operating systems...

  • Welcome to AskUbuntu. Henceforth please avoid using all capitals in your messages. It can be perceived as offending or aggressive. – Luís de Sousa Feb 23 '14 at 7:59
  • 1
    This is the most straightforward WORKING solution to set up hotspot from a device connected with a cable to internet. – jmary Jun 17 '17 at 10:22

Its currently possible only for Atheros Cards and a very few Broadcom cards. To know which one you are using, please run the following command in terminal and paste the output here:-

lspci | Wireless

Or you can just straightforward try out that method. Here is the link for tutorial on how to do that:- connectify-for-linux-with-single-wireless-interface

  • Please include the essential steps in the answer. Currently this is just a link-only answer which is frowned upon. It looks like a good source and instructions, so +1, but please improve your answer. – gertvdijk Jul 27 '13 at 19:22

Like Purushoth's answer, this answer also requires 2 WiFi adapters (ex: one internal and 1 external USB Wi-Fi adapter). I couldn't get his answer to work for me, however, so here's what I did instead.

Tested in Xubuntu 14.04.

How to configure the Ubuntu/Xubuntu PC as a WiFi hotspot (ex: for use in airports or on airplanes in order to share a single, paid connection from your PC with your phone and other devices):

  1. Plug in a USB WiFi dongle. Not all dongles can act as an “ap” (Access Point), but the internal card can for sure, so we will (for now at least, until you can find a USB wifi adapter that can act as an access point) use the external USB one to connect to the paid service (ex: in-flight WiFi), and we will use the internal wifi adapter to make the wifi access point.
  2. Left click the wifi icon in the panel and choose “Create New WiFi Network...” → choose the internal Wi-Fi adapter (which is wlan0), make up a Network name (SSID) (ex: “wifi-hotspot”), choose “WPA & WPA2 Personal” for “Wi-Fi security”, and make up a password, then click “Create”.
  3. Edit the configuration file for the new wifi hotspot you just created:
    • cd /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections
    • ls
    • Find your hotspot file you just created via the GUI step above; ex: “wifi-hotspot”, and edit it:
    • sudo nano wifi-hotspot
    • Arrow down and change “mode=adhoc” or whatever it says to “mode=ap”. Save and exit.
  4. Now, with the external USB WiFi adapter still UNplugged, activate the wifi hotspot you just created by left-clicking the WiFi icon in the panel again and going to “Connect to Hidden WiFi Network...” → choose your internal wifi adapter again for “Wi-Fi adapter”, and choose the access point name (ex: “wifi-hotspot”) for “Connection.” The “Network name,” “Wi-Fi security,” and “Password” fields will now auto-fill and grey out. Click “Connect”. The WiFi Access Point will be activated on your internal card. You can connect your devices, such as your phone, to it.
  5. Finally, with your WiFi hotspot active, plug your secondary/USB WiFi adapter in and use it to connect to the paid network. Pay for your subscription or whatever and your internet through this adapter will now automatically be broadcast out to devices connected in to you through your internal “Access Point” adapter you just configured.
  6. Done!

References: Here is where I found the /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections folder path & an alternate approach (that didn't work for me): https://askubuntu.com/a/609199/327339

Let me introduce you to an excellent tool that simplifys everything: create_ap (by oblique)
That is the official repository: https://github.com/oblique/create_ap
This tool is part of Arch Linux repositories and should be in Ubuntu repositories too!
It is very easy to use and very effective.
To install it in Ubuntu you must first install the dependencies:

sudo apt install bash util-linux procps hostapd iproute2 iw wireless-tools haveged iptables dnsmasq git

Unless you used a "mini install image" you already have 90% of them...
Once it is done, clone the repository from oblique:

git clone https://github.com/oblique/create_ap.git

Locate your terminal in the downloaded repository:

cd create_ap

Install the tool with:

sudo make install

(no compilation with make is needed)
Easy, right? Well the rest is even easier... ...If your device is able to be used as a client and a PA at the same time (like atheros wifi chip) you simply have to connect to your home router with network manager, as you usually do, and than you execute a command line like that:

sudo create_ap <connected interface> <repeater interface> <essid repeated network> <WPA Key>


sudo create_ap wlp2s0 wlp2s0 Bathroom_WiFi mysecuresecretkey

And... That's it! create_ap Incredible and so easy! Now you just have to connect to the repeated network with your android device. You will see in your laptop terminal the handshake negotiated between your laptop and the client: enter image description here And you can enjoy a nice bathroom session with internet... Everything is done with a single interface and with one simple command. The tool have a lot of options, for more information visit the github repository of oblique (link given previously) and if you can speak Spanish you can check this forum thread: create_ap: La solución perfecta para transformar tu ordenador en un repetidor universal todo terreno

protected by Community May 29 '15 at 8:46

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