I have a program running under screen. In fact, when I detach from the session and check netstat, I can see the program is still running (which is what I want):

udp        0      0 127.0.0.1:1720          0.0.0.0:*                           3759/ruby       

Now I want to reattach to the session running that process. So I start up a new terminal, and type screen -r

$ screen -r
There are several suitable screens on:
    5169.pts-2.teamviggy    (05/31/2013 09:30:28 PM)    (Detached)
    4872.pts-2.teamviggy    (05/31/2013 09:25:30 PM)    (Detached)
    4572.pts-2.teamviggy    (05/31/2013 09:07:17 PM)    (Detached)
    4073.pts-2.teamviggy    (05/31/2013 08:50:54 PM)    (Detached)
    3600.pts-2.teamviggy    (05/31/2013 08:40:14 PM)    (Detached)
Type "screen [-d] -r [pid.]tty.host" to resume one of them.

But how do I know which one is the session running that process I created?

Now one of the documents I came across said:

"When you're using a window, type C-a A to give it a name. This name will be used in the window listing, and will help you remember what you're doing in each window when you start using a lot of windows."

The thing is when I am in a new screen session, I try to press control+a A and nothing happens.

  • A fast way to select one from a list of multiple open screens, is screen -r followed by a number 1, 2, 3 ... in that list of screens. – user18099 Jun 14 '17 at 12:55
up vote 73 down vote accepted

There are two levels of "listings" involved here. First, you have the "window listing" within an individual session, which is what ctrl-A A is for, and second there is a "session listing" which is what you have pasted in your question and what can also be viewed with screen -ls.

You can customize the session names with the -S parameter, otherwise it uses your hostname (teamviggy), for example:

$ screen

(ctrl-A d to detach)

$ screen -S myprogramrunningunderscreen

(ctrl-A d to detach)

$ screen -ls

There are screens on:
    4964.myprogramrunningunderscreen    (05/31/2013 09:42:29 PM)    (Detached)
    4874.pts-1.creeper  (05/31/2013 09:39:12 PM)    (Detached)
2 Sockets in /var/run/screen/S-paul.

As a bonus, you can use an unambiguous abbreviation of the name you pass to -S later to reconnect:

screen -r myprog

(I am reconnected to the myprogramrunningunderscreen session)

  • That ctrl+a a works for you? I press control + a at same time and then quickly press a again and nothing happens. – JohnMerlino Jun 1 '13 at 4:34
  • Yes; there's a difference between ctrl-A a and ctrl-A shift-A. The latter prompted me to Set window's title to:. Make sure you're pressing shift for the second A. – Paul Jun 1 '13 at 4:39
  • I do: "screen -r 21tweet" and get as reponse: "There is a screen on: 3239.21tweet (08/21/2015 09:14:35 AM) (Attached) There is no screen to be resumed matching 21tweet." What could this be? – Michael Aug 21 '15 at 9:16
  • A very not-obvious caveat with naming screen sessions is that if you name them with -S, you have to use at the very least an unambiguous abbreviation of the name following the ID number and dot in the screen session's full name when resuming, unlike the automatically generated session names, where you can include the ID and dot. – Spencer Williams Sep 16 '16 at 16:45
  • 1
    Typo, fixed. And this site will not let me post a comment that short without some additional text. – Paul Mar 7 '17 at 0:10

I had a case where screen -r failed to reattach. Adding the -d flag so it looked like this

screen -d -r

worked for me. It detached the previous screen and allowed me to reattach. See the Man Page for more information.

An easy way is to simply reconnect to an arbitrary screen with

screen -r

Then once you are running screen, you can get a list of all active screens by hitting Ctrl-A " (i.e. control-A followed by a double quote). Then you can just select the active screens one at a time and see what they are running. Naming the screens will, of course, make it easier to identify the right one.

Just my two cents

  • okie how i name my screen? – austin Jan 17 at 0:36
  • @austin screen -S <sessionname> – Brian Jan 20 at 23:10

I tend to use the following combo where I need to work on several machines in several clusters:

screen -S clusterX

This creates the new screen session where I can build up the environment.

screen -dRR clusterX

This is what I use subsequently to reattach to that screen session. The nifty bits are that if the session is attached elsewhere, it detaches that other display. Moreover, if there is no session for some quirky reason, like someone rebooted my server without me knowing, it creates one. Finally. if multiple sessions exist, it uses the first one.

Much kudos to https://support.dvsus.com/hc/en-us/articles/212925186-Linux-GNU-Screen-instructions for this tip a while back.

EDIT:

Also here's few useful explanations from man screen on cryptic parameters

       -d -r   Reattach a session and if necessary detach it first.

       -d -R   Reattach a session and if necessary detach or  even  create  it
               first.

       -d -RR  Reattach  a  session  and if necessary detach or create it. Use
               the first session if more than one session is available.

       -D -r   Reattach a session. If necessary  detach  and  logout  remotely
               first.

there is more with -D so be sure to check man screen

The output of screen -list is formatted like pid.tty.host. The pids can be used to get the first child process with pstree:

screen -list|cut -f1 -d'.'|cut -f2|xargs -n 1 pstree -p|grep "^screen"

You will get a list like this

screen(5169)---zsh(5170)---less(15268)
screen(4872)---zsh(4873)-+-cat(11364)
...
screen -d -r 4964

or

screen -d -r 4874

$ screen -ls
There are screens on:
4964.myprogramrunningunderscreen    (05/31/2013 09:42:29 PM)    (Detached)
4874.pts-1.creeper  (05/31/2013 09:39:12 PM)    (Detached)
2 Sockets in /var/run/screen/S-paul.

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