When I ping any local windows hostname from my Ubuntu machine I get "unable to resolve host", but when I ping from a windows machine it works fine. Why would this be? Samba & Miredo are installed
To ping a netbios name in Ubuntu you need to add
gksu gedit /etc/nsswitch.conf
wins to the line:
hosts: files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] dns mdns4
So it looks like this:
hosts: files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] dns wins mdns4
Save the file, close the text editor, and ping away.
If that does not work, open
/etc/samba/smb.conf, and uncomment the "name resolve order" line:
name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast
after that, restart
nmbd smbd winbindd.
You may have to install the package libnss-winbind to be able to find windows computers by hostname. Simply installing winbind may not work. See answer.
Had the same problem, Ubuntu 14.04 trying to access PC with Windows 8. In addition to above recommendation I had to install
sudo apt-get install libnss-winbind