When I run w - to see who is logged on and what they are doing, i see this:

USER     TTY      FROM              LOGIN@   IDLE   JCPU   PCPU WHAT
 user  tty7     :0               08:14   10:32m 44:10   0.50s gnome-session
 user  pts/0    :0.0             09:15    9:30m  0.24s  0.24s /bin/bash
 user  pts/1    :0.0             14:14    4:32m  0.20s  0.20s bash
 user  pts/5    :0.0             18:27    9:24   0.28s  0.28s bash
 user  pts/7    :0.0             18:35    9:57   0.40s  0.40s bash
 user  pts/8    :0.0             18:37    0.00s  0.22s  0.00s w

What are the pts/ ?


Pseudo-Terminal Slave


ptmx, pts - pseudoterminal master and slave


The file /dev/ptmx is a character file with major number 5 and minor number 2, usually of mode 0666 and owner.group of root.root. It is used to create a pseudoterminal master and slave pair.

When a process opens /dev/ptmx, it gets a file descriptor for a pseudoterminal master (PTM), and a pseudoterminal slave (PTS) device is created in the /dev/pts directory. Each file descriptor obtained by opening /dev/ptmx is an independent PTM with its own associated PTS, whose path can be found by passing the descriptor to ptsname(3).

Before opening the pseudoterminal slave, you must pass the master's file descriptor to grantpt(3) and unlockpt(3).

Once both the pseudoterminal master and slave are open, the slave provides processes with an interface that is identical to that of a real terminal.

Data written to the slave is presented on the master descriptor as input. Data written to the master is presented to the slave as input.

In practice, pseudoterminals are used for implementing terminal emulators such as xterm(1), in which data read from the pseudoterminal master is interpreted by the application in the same way a real terminal would interpret the data, and for implementing remote-login programs such as sshd(8), in which data read from the pseudoterminal master is sent across the network to a client program that is connected to a terminal or terminal emulator.

Pseudoterminals can also be used to send input to programs that normally refuse to read input from pipes (such as su(1), and passwd(1)).

Source: http://linux.die.net/man/4/pts

They're usually xterminal/gnome-terminal/terminator sessions.

| improve this answer | |

pts/ refers to a pseudo terminal (one that is not a physical terminal), See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tty_%28Unix%29

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.