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In Ubuntu filesystem, there is a / directory which is called to be root directory and then again in that / directory there is a directory literally named root, what is the difference between them?

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    That's what the Home folder for your user would be but for root. – Uri Herrera Feb 2 '13 at 4:01
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/ is the topmost directory in the file system.

/root is the home folder for the 'root' user (see id root).

All of those are sometimes confusingly designated by one word, root.

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