How can you quickly get the complete path to a file for use in terminal?
In addition to dragging the icon, there are a few ways to get the full path without nautilus (or thunar, konqueror, et al.). You would then triple-click or click-drag and copy, potentially saving this in your clipboard manager*, and paste it where you need.
(pastie, klipper, glippy, glipper, anamnesis)
You can use
findin a directory above your file. (If you don't know where it is, start where your shell drops you, [generally] in the top of your home directory.)
find . | egrep filename
You can use
locateto get the filename. (Run
sudo updatedbif that hasn't been done recently.)
A more realistic example of using find would be something like :
$ find | egrep askubuntu | grep txt ./askubuntu-temp.txt ./drDocuments/web/meta.askubuntu.txt ./other/stuff/askubuntu.txt.iteration.1 ./other/stuff/askubuntu.txt.iteration.2 [...]
To cut out the ones you don't like, e.g.:
find | egrep askubuntu | grep txt | egrep -v iteration find | egrep askubuntu | grep txt | egrep -v 'iteration|meta|other'
locate is used much the same way, though grep is frequently more necessary:
locate myfile | egrep home | egrep -v 'mozilla|cache|local|bin|\.pyc|test' | grep \.py
This isn't the most efficient way to type this, but usually if I've lost a file, I do this iteratively, adding grep clauses as I go.
Easily done in python using
$ python -c 'import os,sys;print(os.path.realpath(sys.argv))' ./VirtualBox\ VMs/ /mnt/HDD/VirtualBox VMs
From a related answer,you can also use
$ readlink -e ./out.txt /home/username/out.txt
If you simply copy a file in Nautilus, then the full path is copied.
Then paste it in the terminal. By simply pasting you get:
If you right-click and choose "Paste filenames" then you get:
with the quotes as shown.
This differs from Windows, that copies the file content instead of its name.