I came across this example when trying to mount a usb device inside a openvz container and I have never seen the construct in the second line before. Can you explain what it signifies?
#!/bin/bash . /etc/vz/vz.conf
It's a synonym of the builtin
source. It will execute commands from a file in the current shell, as read from
help source or
In your case, the file
/etc/vz/vz.conf will be executed (very likely, it only contains variable assignments that will be used later in the script). It differs from just executing the file with, e.g.,
/etc/vz/vz.conf in many ways: the most obvious is that the file doesn't need to be executable; then you will think of running it with
bash /etc/vz/vz.conf but this will only execute it in a child process, and the parent script will not see any modifications (e.g., of variables) the child makes.
$ # Create a file testfile that contains a variable assignment: $ echo "a=hello" > testfile $ # Check that the variable expands to nothing: $ echo "$a" $ # Good. Now execute the file testfile with bash $ bash testfile $ # Check that the variable a still expands to nothing: $ echo "$a" $ # Now _source_ the file testfile: $ . testfile $ # Now check the value of the variable a: $ echo "$a" hello $
Hope this helps.
When a script is run using `source' it runs within the existing shell, any variables created or modified by the script will remain available after the script completes.
Syntax . filename [arguments]
source filename [arguments]