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I am trying to clone an SD card which may contain a number of partitions, some of which Ubuntu cannot recognize. Generally, I want to clone the whole volume, not only some partition. So, I mount the SD card and see something like this in the Log viewer:

kernel: [  262.025221]  sdc: sdc1 sdc2

alex@u120432:~$ ls /dev/sdc*
/dev/sdc  /dev/sdc1  /dev/sdc2

Since I want to copy the whole disk, I execute:

dd if=/dev/sdc of=sdimage.img bs=4M

File sdimage.img, 7.9 GB (7,944,011,776 bytes) is created (SD card is 8 GB). Now I mount another SD card and execute:

dd if=sdimage.img of=/dev/sdc bs=4M

The problem is that the second dd command hangs on some stage, and never succeeds. After this, I cannot reboot or shut down computer, and I need just to switch power off.

Is this the correct approach? Maybe there is another way to clone an SD card?

OS: Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin), 32 bit.

  • Can you mount created img file and see if it is created correctly? – Milan Todorovic Dec 11 '12 at 14:40
  • @MilanTodorovic - how can I do this? – Alex F Dec 11 '12 at 15:15
  • If I remember correctly: mount -o loop sdimage.img /path/to/mount. Then check to see if you can browse img file correctly. – Milan Todorovic Dec 11 '12 at 15:17
  • @MilanTodorovic: I tried sudo mount -o sdimage.img /dev/mydisk and got: mount: can't find /dev/mydisk in /etc/fstab or /etc/mtab Possibly I need to create some dev entry before. Can you post this as answer with some details? Thanks. – Alex F Dec 11 '12 at 15:22
  • 1
    you should not be using dd on mounted devices. unmount all the partitions first, then your command should work. – ubfan1 Dec 11 '12 at 17:33
31

You should not be using dd on mounted devices. unmount all the partitions first, then your command should work.

  • 2
    why is the opposite for me? I've Ubuntu 12.10 and the command has works only with partitions monted... – Luca Davanzo Feb 13 '14 at 10:12
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    @Velthune Are you sure about that? If so, I'd suggest making your own question. – Vreality Jul 17 '14 at 3:58
31

Insert the original SD card and check the name of the device (usually mmcblkX or sdcX):

sudo fdisk -l

You might see:

Device         Boot   Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/mmcblk0p1 *       2048  2099199  2097152    1G  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)
/dev/mmcblk0p2      2099200 31116287 29017088 13.9G 83 Linux

In my case the SD card is /dev/mmcblk0 (the *p1 and *p2 are the partitions).

Now you have to unmount the device:

sudo umount /dev/mmcblk0

Now to create an image of the device:

sudo dd if=/dev/mmcblk0 of=~/sd-card-copy.img

This will take a while.

Once it's finished, insert the empty SD card. If the device is different (USB or other type of SD card reader) verify its name and be sure to unmount it:

sudo fdisk -l
sudo umount /dev/mmcblk0

Write the image to the device:

sudo dd if=~/sd-card-copy.img of=/dev/mmcblk0

The write operation is much slower than before.

  • 5
    when copying big amounts of data you should set a bigger than default blocksize, otherwise you may have to wait very long. sudo dd if=/dev/mmcblk0 of=~/sd-card-copy.img bs=4M – xaedes Nov 29 '16 at 14:50
  • Can we copy the resultinf sd-card-copy.img on the same card itself ? – Ciasto piekarz Nov 21 '19 at 23:45
14

I am using dd tool to clone usb sticks with multiple partitions, here is my command:

sudo dd if=/dev/sdb of=/dev/sdc bs=4096 conv=notrunc,noerror

notrunc - do not truncate the output file
noerror - continue after read errors

  • Doesn't this require two SD card readers? – Peter Mortensen Mar 3 '15 at 20:27
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    @PeterMortensen yes it does, many of us use those 4-in-1 type adapters. – Teque5 Mar 15 '16 at 21:37
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dd is fine, but I prefer cat /dev/sdc/ > ~/backup.iso If you want to put it on an SD card again, just run cat ~/backup.iso > /dev/sdc

  • Both SD are 8 GB. cat can be used to make SD image, but to make another SD I should use dd, right? – Alex F Dec 11 '12 at 15:17
0

Here are the steps which worked for me on Ubuntu to restore the image file (~/raspberrypi2.img in my case) back to a new SD card (inspired heavily by Alon's reply above):

  1. Insert the micro SD card via the card reader.
  2. Open the Disks app.
  3. Quick format the whole card (not a specific partition).
  4. Close Disks.
  5. Open terminal and execute:

    sudo fdisk -l
    

Relevant output (which showed there were no partitions due to the quick format of the whole card):

Disk /dev/sdb: 7.4 GiB, 7948206080 bytes, 15523840 sectors 
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes 
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes 
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes 
Disklabel type: dos 
Disk identifier: 0x6957f2f2

sudo dd if=~/raspberrypi2.img of=/dev/sdb

This step takes a few good minutes (even on USB3). Make sure to not interrupt it by any operation which will invoke mounting (opening the Files or Disks apps).

Thanks for everyone's answers.

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