I have been unsuccessfully trying to install the latest version (2.15.2) of r-base. Apparently, R package Rcpp would not install for R version 2.14.1 - the version that installs for me.

I am not sure what/how/where to change my installation attempts which appear below. Please note that I am using ubuntu-12.04.1-server-i386.

The current installed version is R version 2.14.1 (2011-12-22):

$ sudo apt-get install r-base
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
r-base is already the newest version.

Including version information doesn't help:

$ sudo apt-get install r-base=2.15.1-5ubuntu1
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
E: Version '2.15.1-5ubuntu1' for 'r-base' was not found

Changes based on CRAN Ubuntu instructions from http://cran.r-project.org/bin/linux/ubuntu/README:

  1. Added to /etc/apt/sources.list

    deb http://lib.stat.cmu.edu/R/CRAN/bin/linux/ubuntu quantal/
  2. Update and install

    $ sudo apt-get update
    $ sudo apt-get install r-base
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
    requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
    distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
    or been moved out of Incoming.
    The following information may help to resolve the situation:
    The following packages have unmet dependencies:
     r-base : Depends: r-base-core (>= 2.15.2-1quantal2) but it is not going to be installed
              Depends: r-recommended (= 2.15.2-1quantal2) but it is not going to be installed
              Recommends: r-base-html but it is not going to be installed
    E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.
  • Have you tried sudo apt-get upgrade or sudo apt-get dist-upgrade? – Salem Nov 18 '12 at 4:35
  • @Salem, thanks for your comment. Yes, I have tried "upgrade" but that doesn't upgrade "R" to its latest version. – Student Nov 19 '12 at 16:46

None of the above worked for me so I am copying the answer from https://stackoverflow.com/questions/16093331/how-to-install-r-version-3-0

Uninstall old R:

sudo apt-get remove r-base-core


sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://cran.rstudio.com/bin/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc)/"

Then copy/paste these commands into the command line:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys E084DAB9
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:marutter/rdev
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install r-base

Which worked for me

  • That also worked for me (12.04). – Ioannis Jun 13 '14 at 13:03
  • I am using ubuntu 12.10 and it does not work. I still face the same issue – Arun Raja Nov 14 '15 at 3:55
  • This post might be getting a little outdated. In general, remove your old R with rm -rf /usr/local/lib/R, download the latest tarball from r-project.org, extract it and follow the instructions in 'INSTALL' in the top-level directory – user304497 Jan 6 '16 at 11:11
  • Still a problem, and still works on "Trusty". Thanks! – AdamO Jan 30 '16 at 4:03
  • 6
    Why do you uninstall before upgrading? Why do you need ppa:marutter/rdev? The rest should be enough, here's official documentation for Ubuntu repositories. – arekolek Feb 16 '16 at 12:29

Here's how I did it;

As already mentioned in the question, I went through the steps in UBUNTU PACKAGES FOR R instructions to add the repository, and did a apt-get update, and then

apt-cache showpkg r-base 

which would give something like

Package: r-base
3.0.2-1raring0 (/var/lib/apt/lists/cran.rstudio.com_bin_linux_ubuntu_raring_Packages)
 Description Language: 
                 File: /var/lib/apt/lists/cran.rstudio.com_bin_linux_ubuntu_raring_Packages
                  MD5: 5787ca79ed716232c4cc2087ed9b425b

3.0.1-6raring0 (/var/lib/apt/lists/cran.rstudio.com_bin_linux_ubuntu_raring_Packages)
 Description Language: 
                 File: /var/lib/apt/lists/cran.rstudio.com_bin_linux_ubuntu_raring_Packages
                  MD5: 5787ca79ed716232c4cc2087ed9b425b

and the I did a

 sudo apt-get install -f r-base=3.0.2-1raring0

and done.

open the terminal and type sudo -s. Then open source.list by typing:

gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

then, add these lines to the file:

deb http://cran.cnr.berkeley.edu/bin/linux/ubuntu quetzal/

then save& exit gedit. In the terminal type

gpg --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key E084DAB9 
gpg -a --export E084DAB9 | sudo apt-key add -

then type


then type these commands --one line at a time--.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install r-base
sudo apt-get install r-base-dev
  • 1
    Why are you adding the line deb http://cran.cnr.berkeley.edu/bin/linux/ubuntu quetzal/ twice? – Cyrille Feb 24 '16 at 19:49
  • @Cyrille: typo, fixed it, thanks! – user2413 Feb 24 '16 at 20:07

In my system (without R installed) that versions installs correctly. So maybe the best option is to uninstall the old R and install the newer, passing the specific version you want. But before you do that, make a backup of your operating system. It can be difficult to reinstall old the packages after you remove them.

Also just a note: if you do sudo apt-get install r-base=2.15.1-5ubuntu1 it will not find a package because the version is wrong. In that repo, the files are named, for example r-base_2.15.2-1quantal2_all.deb, so the correct version should be r-base=2.15.2-1quantal2 or r-base=2.15.2-1quantal2_all, for example.

Hope this helps.

protected by Community Jun 12 '15 at 9:45

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