Once in a while I need to install a new Ubuntu (I used it both for desktop and servers) and I always forget a couple of libraries I should have installed before compiling, meaning I have to recompile, and it's getting annoying.
So now I want to make a complete list of all library packages to install before compiling Python (and preferably how optional they are).
This is the list I compiled with below help and by digging in
setup.py. It is complete for Ubuntu 10.04 and 11.04 at least:
build-essential (obviously) libz-dev (also pretty common and essential) libreadline-dev (or the Python prompt is crap) libncursesw5-dev libssl-dev libgdbm-dev libsqlite3-dev libbz2-dev
For Python 3.2 and later:
Ubuntu has no packages for v1.8.5 of the Berkeley database, nor (for obvious reasons) the Sun audio hardware, so the
sunaudiodev modules will still not be built on Ubuntu, but all other modules are built with the above packages installed.
There are in Ubuntu 14.04 even more patches needed for Python 2.6, and 2.7 etc. I would recommend to instead checkout pyenv. It contains a script
python-build (located in
plugins/python-build/bin). With it you can install arbitrary Python versions like this:
$ ./python-build 2.7.8 /opt/python27
Where 2.7.8 is the version and /opt/python27 is the path it will be installed. Pyenv will download the Python version, apply the necessary patches and
configure; make; make install for you.
Python 2.5 and Python 2.6 also needs to have LDFLAGS set on Ubuntu 11.04 and later, to handle the new multi-arch layout:
export LDFLAGS="-L/usr/lib/$(dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_MULTIARCH)"
For Python 2.6, 2.7 and 3.0 you also need to explicitly enable SSL after running the
./configure script and before running
Modules/Setup there are lines like this:
#SSL=/usr/local/ssl #_ssl _ssl.c \ # -DUSE_SSL -I$(SSL)/include -I$(SSL)/include/openssl \ # -L$(SSL)/lib -lssl -lcrypto
Uncomment these lines and change the SSL variable to
SSL=/usr _ssl _ssl.c \ -DUSE_SSL -I$(SSL)/include -I$(SSL)/include/openssl \ -L$(SSL)/lib -lssl -lcrypto
Python 2.6 and 3.0 also needs Modules/_ssl.c modified to be used with OpenSSL 1.0, which is used in Ubuntu 11.10. At around line 300 you'll find this:
else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL3) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv3_method()); /* Set up context */ else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL2) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv2_method()); /* Set up context */ else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv23_method()); /* Set up context */
Change that into:
else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL3) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv3_method()); /* Set up context */ #ifndef OPENSSL_NO_SSL2 else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL2) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv2_method()); /* Set up context */ #endif else if (proto_version == PY_SSL_VERSION_SSL23) self->ctx = SSL_CTX_new(SSLv23_method()); /* Set up context */
This disables SSL_v2 support, which apparently is gone in OpenSSL1.0.
Python 2.4 (yes, I still have some old projects that need 2.4) needs this patch to setup.py:
--- setup.py 2006-10-08 19:41:25.000000000 +0200 +++ setup.py 2012-05-08 14:02:14.325174357 +0200 @@ -269,6 +269,7 @@ lib_dirs = self.compiler.library_dirs + [ '/lib64', '/usr/lib64', '/lib', '/usr/lib', + '/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu' ] inc_dirs = self.compiler.include_dirs + ['/usr/include'] exts =  @@ -496,7 +497,8 @@ ssl_incs += krb5_h ssl_libs = find_library_file(self.compiler, 'ssl',lib_dirs, ['/usr/local/ssl/lib', - '/usr/contrib/ssl/lib/' + '/usr/contrib/ssl/lib/', + 'x86_64-linux-gnu' ] ) if (ssl_incs is not None and
And it needs to be compiled with:
env CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu" LDFLAGS="-L/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu" ./configure --prefix=/opt/python2.4