So I got to installing Ubuntu 12.10 on a SONY VAIO desktop (a Sony VAIO RS420) but it runs terribly slow. The windows load slow (it won't even pull up Terminal, but connects to WiFi and opens Firefox) but the computer itself seems to run fine (like when downloading files or moving files it works BETTER than Windows 7). I did get an error about needed to update a language pack, but that's it. What can I do to make this thing work correctly? Downgrade Unity or GNOME ? Any help is appreciated.
The cause of your problem is likely due to slow 3D graphics acceleration. Unity 2D has been removed from Ubuntu 12.10 and the default desktop is now Unity 3D.
You have two options:
sudo apt-get install llvm-devfor graphics acceleration on Ubuntu 12.10
This package uses the CPU, as opposed to the GPU for 3D graphics rendering, which may speed up your machine if you have a fast / new processor or PC, but may also add yet another bottleneck to your system if your CPU is slower than your graphics card).
If that doesn't speed up your machine, you have two (further) options:
Downgrade to 12.04 and run it in Unity 2D mode.
Install a low-resource desktop environment, for example LXDE (used in Lubuntu) or XFCE (used in Xubuntu). You can also use MATE - a fork of the old GNOME 2.x project
Here's how you can install these desktop environments:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop
$ sudo -i # or su -
# add-apt-repository "deb http://packages.mate-desktop.org/repo/ubuntu quantal main"
# apt-get update
# apt-get install mate-archive-keyring
# apt-get update
# apt-get install mate-core
# apt-get install mate-desktop-environment
Most likely Unity (the desktop environment Ubuntu uses by default) emulates OpenGL in software because your graphics driver doesn't support hardware OpenGL well enough.
Depending on your hardware it may be possible to use another graphics driver (see How do I install extra drivers? for how to install additional drivers) or to tune your existing driver to provide better OpenGL support. For that you should ask a new question that includes the output of
sudo lshw -C video
on the command line.
Or you could try another if desktop environment like Gnome classic, Gnome Shell, Xubuntu, ... works better for you.