I cannot copy films from NTFS partition on my computer (with Ubuntu) to ext2 hard drive installed in player "Dune". Please help.
I suspect your NTFS partition gets automatically mounted at boot. If we were speaking about i.e. a USB disk you attach to your computer, the permissions would be set correctly when you click on the volume in your file manager.
So there is probably an entry in your
/etc/fstab file which looks like this:
... someWeirdId /media/name ntfs auto,stuff,stuff,stuff 0 0
change this to:
... someWeirdId /media/name ntfs auto,stuff,stuff,stuff,uid=1000,gid=1000,umask=0000 0 0
This gives ownership of the mounted volume to the user with uid 1000, which would be the first user in your system. Enter
id on a terminal to see what uid and gid you have.
Setting umask to 0000 should grant all permissions to every user anyway.
NTFS and FAT cannot store posix permissions, like they are used by Linux (actually i'am not sure about NTFS, but I wouldn't know how).
However you can use the program fuse-posixovl to mount a directory (!) on any partition (regardless if posix permissions are suipported or not) to another directory (or the same directory if you feel like it). posixovl will create a file on the real filesystem storing the posix permissions you set in the other mountpoint. This way you get full posix functionality on any non-posix file system.
To be able to change file ownership, etc. you should run posixovl as root (via sudo).
sudo mount.posixovl /directory/on/ntfs/partition /directory/where/i/use/chown
As I said source and target directories can theoretically be the same, but try it with different directorys first, just to be sure.
The permissions will not be effective unless posixovl is used. So you can't protect your data when you attach the disk to friends computer or something. The files will be accessible anyway.
I came across this Q/As while looking for: How to change permissions in an NTFS partition?
And while the Original Question title explain correctly and concisely my issue, it seems that it's body doesn't correspond to the the title, and it's a different (but maybe related issue), So, first, I'll answer the title question, then comment on the OQ body
you need to mount the NTFS partition, with the appropriate mount options (
You can change the permissions and ownership of files and folders stored in an NTFS partition, (but not in a FAT one). Because, as it's nicely explained in this answer NTFS is a POSIX-compatible filesystem.
Although, it is usually unneeded¹ for copying/editing files in an NTFS partition from a linux one (in case of dual-boot)
NTFS partition on read only? enable write/read
By default Windows system on laptops doesn't perform a full shutdown, when you shutdown the system. Which makes the partition accessible on read only mode.
Perform a Full Shutdown of windows, by either:
holding down the SHIFT ⇧ key on your keyboard and then click the “Shut down” option in the Start Menu.
or, type the following, in Windows Command Line (cf. Shutdown | Microsft doc)
shutdown /s /f /t 0
Or just disable Hibernate / Fast startup windows' "features" permanently, to make all eventual
shutdown == full shutdown(cf this question for more info)
This, in most cases, is enough to make you able to access and edit all files in a windows partition.
But if you still need to "chown the NTFS partition" then
- change NTFS partitions mount option, either by :
sudo -e /etc/fstab
- or graphically, using disk utility
Either way, the options that you most have are:
users,permissions, and you don't need to have
nosuid option, since it's implied by
users (cf. Bovine comment)
so, the /etc/fstab entry for the NTFS partition should looks like:
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> FILE_SYS_UUID /mnt/Win_D ntfs-3g users,permissions,x-gvfs-show,... 0 0
Note: if you are using a very old Ubuntu, or a distro that doesn't use ntfs-3g for NTFS file by default, make sure to change file system type to ntfs-3g instead of ntfs or auto, otherwise they're the same (cf. this answer)
chmodit as you like
About the Original Question
Copying files from a directory D_src to a D_dest requires read right only on D_src, and read/write rights on D_dest
So, in case you want just to copy some files from an NTFS D_src partition, that you are able to access on read only mode, to an ext partition D_dest. you don't need to change the former permissions. but looks into the latter
Some additional info & a warning
In addition to the default windows setting on laptops, that make NTFS partitions read only, you may get a similar behavior in the case of hanging updates. so make sure you don't have one.
It goes without saying, but I'll say it nevertheless:
The process described above will give you the power to edit the file system of a Windows or NTFS partition the same way as a linux one, which may be dangerous if you don't know what you're doing. So make a backup maybe, and get a Boot-Repair just in case