checkinstall using apt (or your favourite package installer):
sudo apt install checkinstall
Extract the tarball into a directory. In this case, it is
terminal and cd into it with:
checkinstall -D --pakdir=/home/youruser/packages/
which will make a deb package in
/home/youruser/packages, and install it. You can then reuse it and give it to others. Do not use this to make a package for a PPA or package server. These must be made and tuned manually.
When it prompts you to give a description, just describe the package and then press Enter a few times to finish it.