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Recently when I tried to open a video with VLC, my system slowed down, the open applications webbrowser, VLC and filemanager and others didn't react any longer. The mouse just reacted still very slowly.

On a windows machine i would press a keycombi CTRL-ALT-DEL to open the taskmanager, search the process which caused the hang and kill it.

Since i'm fairly new with the use of linux i haven't figured out the best practice for solve such a situation in Ubuntu.

Which quick and effective way would you recommend to identify the hanging process and close it, when the system already reacts very slowly on user input?

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There are two primary ways to identify hung processes. One is via the System Monitor GUI and the other is via top in command-line.

System Monitor

This can be found in System > Administration

account

You can also create a keyboard shortcut for this in this article.

Once the GUI launches you can select the Processes tab which will list all the running processes. Sort by the CPU column to find the most CPU intensive task

cpu

Lastly you can right click that task and choose to end it, stop it, or kill it. Killing it will immediately stop and remove that process from the system.

kill

Command-Line

If you have a terminal open you can simply type top this will list all the running processes similar to that of the Processes tab in the GUI

top

Within top it is CPU sorted by default - so the top most CPU intensive tasks are at the top. At anytime you can press the letter k to kill a process

k

Simply type the PID of the process you wish to kill and press enter. It will ask for a Kill signal to send. To kill the process nicely use the default 15 - to kill it right away "Do not pass go, do not collect $200" use 9.

sigkill

The process will then be terminated.

If you are experiencing sluggish interface you can try to SSH in remotely if that is enabled - or switch to a virtual console via Ctrl+Alt+F# Where F# is a Function Key (F3, F4, F5, etc). To return to the Desktop environment switch to either F7 or F8 depending on your version of Ubuntu.

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  • 5
    Great answer. I usually assign the CTRL+ESC shortcut to the System Monitor. This gives me a quick access to kill process. – Javier Rivera Jan 3 '11 at 17:02
  • @Marco Ceppi: where are gone images? – enzotib Jul 12 '11 at 10:20
  • @enzotib The post has been updated – Marco Ceppi Jul 12 '11 at 11:00
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    +1 for System Monitor. It could kill/stop a hanging VLC process, which htop could'nt do. – malisokan Aug 31 '14 at 20:48
  • @malisokan Are you sure htop can't do it? You can send SIGKILL to kill any hanging process you have rights to. – val says Reinstate Monica Aug 1 '19 at 10:23
4

Add the System Monitor applet to your panel (right click on the panel, select Add to Pannel and search for System Monitor) the and right click on it to open the System Monitor application.

You can launch the System Monitor application by pressing Alt+F2 and start the program gnome-system-monitor.

Go to the "Processes" tab and right click the appliction you intent to kill.

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3

Most already said (I like Marco Ceppi's answer) but there also is a "Force Quit" applet you can add to your GNOME Panel. Right click on the panel and choose "Add to panel...":

alt text

This lets you quit a hanging application by simply clicking on it's window. Very fast and efficient.


When running Unity in 11.04 of course this application will no longer be available. There is a replacement project Indicator-Forceclose but it is not included in the repositories.

Alternatively we could run xkill from a terminal.

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  • Does it only destroy window or also kill the process? – val says Reinstate Monica Aug 1 '19 at 10:25
  • @val it kills the process that created the window. – Takkat Aug 1 '19 at 10:41
  • Just tested: it does not. I made a program that hangs inside GTK callback and killed it with xkill. Window disappeared, but program continued to run (or hang if you prefer). So answer is no, it may not kill the program if it is seriously stuck. – val says Reinstate Monica Aug 1 '19 at 11:13
  • @val naturally after your program had called another process for creating a window xkill will kill this additional process only. This is especially important to know for programs that run without an X-server but call X for windowing. Obviously, it would be impossible to kill any such program from the X server. – Takkat Aug 1 '19 at 15:39
  • My program didn't called another process for it. I made a program which is same as any GTK application out there and made it hang. xkill doesn't affect such processes (GTK will cause exit if I'll later exit "hanging" and make it handle loss of window). GTK callbacks have nothing to do with multiprocessing. – val says Reinstate Monica Aug 1 '19 at 15:45
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$ ps -el|grep ProcessName

above command list out all processes named ProcessName. then kill process with its PID.

Example. To kill vlc mediaplayer.

step 1)

$ ps -el|grep vlc

above command output somthing like : 0 S 1000 5980 2324 1 80 0 - 256647 do_sig tty2 00:00:00 vlc. Here 5980 is process id. To kill vlc media player type following command.

step 2)

$ kill -9 5980

above command will kill vlc mediaplayer.

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