70

I am developing a set of scripts, which I want to be present for all users, when I set up a server. But I don't want them in the standard locations like /usr[/local]/[bin],[sbin] etc.

Is there some existing convention for where such scripts should be placed?

48

As far as I know there is no place for custom Linux scripts. The directory that should be used for custom install is the /opt directory so it would be the safest option to place them there. But keep in mind that for a script to be able to be used without the full path you need it to be included in the PATH variable.

If you need help changing the PATH variable for all users you can check How do I set PATH variables for all users on a server? which refers you to the /etc/environment file to configure this.

If your concern is to avoid clashes but you don't want to add another route to the PATH variable you could use /usr/local/bin. In my server installation it doesn't have any file so that it could be a easy work-around.

Hope it helps

29

/usr/local/bin seems to be the conventional place, and this directory should be empty on a fresh installs.

Source: The accepted answer on this question:

  • 5
    This always throws me off - would a script (i.e., a non-binary file) go into bin? etc? opt? sigh. – Monkpit May 20 '16 at 17:31
  • 5
    Once you stop making distinction between binary executable and script you will get your doubts addressed instantly :) – Marcin Orlowski Apr 23 '17 at 14:21
13

You could place the scripts in /opt/bin and add the location to the PATH.

See:

  1. Linux path environment variable

  2. Permanently add a directory to shell PATH

    For global use in:

    /etc/bash.bashrc
    

    or

    /etc/profile
    
  • 1
    In Ubuntu 16.04 there is no /opt/bin directory anymore so you have to create it first. In this case you might as well create /usr/local/scripts and put that in $PATH. – WinEunuuchs2Unix Jun 11 '18 at 23:55
6

There are several places you could put these, typically I place them in /opt/ and update PATH for each user (or globally in /etc/bash.bashrc) so it's available to users. /opt/ is more or less designed for what you're looking to do.

0

There's also ~/bin, which acts like /usr/local/bin, but for just one user. To enable it, create the ~/bin directory, log out and log back in.

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