How can I shut down or reboot Ubuntu using terminal commands?

up vote 932 down vote accepted

For shutdown:

sudo poweroff

For restart:

sudo reboot

Appendix: If your keyword is "lockup" so you can't enter a command like "reboot" which would run from "su" anyway, use the keyboard: hold down Alt + PrintScreen/SysRq, buttons and type "REISUB". It doesn't have to be capital letters. It will restart your computer gently. http://blog.kember.net/articles/reisub-the-gentle-linux-restart/

  • 8
    sudo might not be needed, actually. – Nicolas Raoul Oct 20 '16 at 9:28
  • 3
    On Armbian, just reboot is not found. instead, /sbin/reboot works. – Mark Jeronimus Dec 19 '16 at 14:28
  • 1
    @MarkJeronimus It depends on your PATH variable, and your SECURE_PATH in the /etc/sudoers file. – An Epic Person Mar 12 '17 at 10:25
  • 2
    what about shutdown now and shutdown -r now? – Post Self Jan 8 at 15:55

Open your terminal with CTRL+ALT+T and do these following commands

To shutdown the system:

sudo shutdown -h now 

To restart:

sudo reboot

& one more command for restart:

sudo shutdown -r now

Another way as one of the user mentioned.

For shutdown:

sudo halt

or:

sudo init 0 

For restart:

sudo init 6

You can get more info on the shutdown command by using one of the following:

  • shutdown --help
  • man shutdown

Hate passwords (sudo) and love one-liners?


For Ubuntu 14.10 or earlier:

Shutdown:

/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit" /org/freedesktop/ConsoleKit/Manager org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit.Manager.Stop

Restart:

/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit" /org/freedesktop/ConsoleKit/Manager org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit.Manager.Restart

Other commands you may like:

Suspend:

/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Suspend

Hibernate: (if enabled on your system)

/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Hibernate


For Ubuntu 15.04 and later:

(This is due to Ubuntu's shift in using systemd instead of Upstart)

systemctl poweroff

systemctl reboot

systemctl suspend

systemctl hibernate

systemctl hybrid-sleep

Since hibernate is normally disabled by default in Ubuntu systems, you can enable this by checking this answer: https://askubuntu.com/a/617254/101985

  • 19
    I always wondered how the GUI shutdown the system without needing sudo. I assume this is it. – triunenature Jul 28 '15 at 14:23
  • I love the sideshow step-right-up feel of the first line – duhaime Aug 27 at 16:52
  • Today I found an advantage to systemd. – Hashim Sep 25 at 23:38

On 16.04 no need of sudo

To shutdown :

poweroff

To Reboot :

reboot
  • Failed to set wall message, ignoring: Interactive authentication required. from ssh – kyb Sep 6 at 20:11

Use

sudo shutdown -h (TIME) (MESSAGE)

this will shutdown your computer and halt it. That is what the -h is for. Then, in the time area you can choose the shutdown delay ( in minutes ) and if you want you can send a brodcast message in the message area ( like goodbye, or I'm shutting the thing down :P ).

To restart the computer type

sudo shutdown -r (time) (message)

Now, instead of shuting it down and halting it, you will restart your computer once it's shutdown. :) Best of luck

protected by rɑːdʒɑ Apr 2 '14 at 17:25

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