I accidentally deleted 'Documents' folder and all its contents in Home folder, is there any step by step way to recover or at least recreate an empty original 'Documents' folder again? I'm using ubuntu 12.04 by the way.
To create a new Documents folder
Open home folder > right click > new folder. Name it
If the icon is incorrect then right click on the new Documents folder > properties. Click on the folder icon, this will bring up a select custom icon window.
Browse to File System > usr > share > icons > Humanity > places > 48 & select the 1st
folder_documents.svg. This should restore the icon to your Downloads folder
gedit ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs or browse to file. You'll see this line -
edit it to this & save. Then log out/in
This command line tool tries to undelete files from a hard drive. Due to the way /ext4 handles file detetions there is a high risk to loose recoverable files when there was a subsequent write access to the drive.
It is therefore strongly advisable to immediately unmount the drive (or mount it as read only) before we start recovery. As a system partition can not be unmounted during runtime we need to perform all recovery actions from a live CD session (boot from CD/USB to choose "Try out Ubuntu").
We then may install extundelete (which can be also done from a live session) and run:
sudo extundelete --restore-directory /home/<user>/Documents/ /dev/<sdxX>
<user> by your username and
<sdxX> by the partition your HOME resides.
See also: Extundelete User Manual