How do I create a 32-bit Wine prefix on Ubuntu 12.04 64-bit?

up vote 138 down vote accepted

To create a 32-bit WINE prefix on a 64-bit Ubuntu system, you need to open a terminal and run the following command:

WINEPREFIX="$HOME/prefix32" WINEARCH=win32 wine wineboot
  • Where WINEPREFIX is the directory for the prefix
  • This directory must not already exist or you will get an error! Please do not manually create it in Nautilus or with mkdir./
  • thx! I have been fighting with this for a week :(, the message could be more specific.. – Aquarius Power Apr 30 '13 at 19:23
  • You can use double quotes everywhere, no need for single quotes :) – Smile4ever Jan 1 '15 at 19:52
  • 1
    When I run this command, Wine asks for an absolute path (so /home/username/prefix32 rather than ~/prefix32 – shea Mar 16 '15 at 10:17
  • @shea edited the OP accordingly – Shelvacu Aug 9 '15 at 22:51
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    Also, you can omit the quotes altogether. – Smile4ever Feb 28 '16 at 9:39

This Is how I did it. The above answer - for me - did not work.

First I deleted the Wine folder with this command:

rm -r ~/.wine

If it tells you that directory is not empty just add the -f (force) flag. Note that this will remove any windows applications installed in this prefix!

Your command should look something like this:

rm -r -f ~/.wine

And then create a 32 bit prefix with this command:

WINEARCH=win32 WINEPREFIX=~/.wine wine wineboot
  • 17
    First, you shouldn't have to write sudo in the front. Also, this will delete the entire virtual windows drive. – Shelvacu May 3 '14 at 8:14
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    That's not correct answer, because u're deleting 64bit version. You just have to create another PREFIX in order to have them both. – Alexander Kim Oct 16 '14 at 10:40
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    Where you wrote "write sudo in front", the correct solution is to add -f, as in rm -rf ~/.wine. Adding sudo won't do anything. Also, WINEPREFIX=~/.wine is redundant, since that's the default location. – Brendan Long Nov 8 '14 at 21:12
  • Why not just create a .wine32 directory instead? – Mateen Ulhaq Jun 6 '17 at 10:47
  • @Levan how on earth did it not work for you? Your command deletes the entire existing wine directory, when all you needed to do was create a separate wine32 prefix - no need to delete an existing one. – numbermaniac Jan 21 at 6:54

Just creating a wine32 prefix/directory (without wine64 prefix/directory) will not work. As was suggested above (but not fully written out) - and if you want to avoid the need to use winecfg (which is annyoing in automation - you need to somehow close it), here is the full solution: create a wine64, then a wine32 directory. If you use winetricks to check it (it gives a warning for wine64 directories), it will report both correctly (wine64 gives the warning, since it's 64, wine32 does not, since it's 32.). The solution;

rm -Rf ./wine   # carefull, this deletes your entire wine config (fine if you want to start afresh)

WINEPREFIX=~/.wine wineboot

...wait...

WINEPREFIX=~/.wine32 WINEARCH=win32 wineboot

After this, you can:

WINEPREFIX=~/.wine32 WINEARCH=win32 your_32bit_executable.exe

WINEPREFIX=~/.wine WINEARCH= your_64bit_executable.exe   # likely, did not test.
  • It looks like on my Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 I did not need to delete the amd64 (win64) ./wine folder. I had 3 programs previously installed and they kept working. I did only create a specific win32 directory ./wine32 Next I installed .NET 4.0 with the command $ WINEPREFIX=~/.wine32 winetricks dotnet40 and it worked flawlessly. – Antonio Oct 13 '15 at 0:24

I was running into the same issue.

Type WINEARCH=win32 WINEPREFIX=~/.wine winecfg

It should start to download the drivers necessary. I believe this issue is due to a problem occurring during the normal download. For me it my internet dropped as it was originally downloading the drivers.

  • 11
    You do never need to run wine as root! – user877329 Aug 28 '14 at 6:21

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