Is there any way to make Nautilus use different colors when showing list of files? Something similar to what ls does in console visually distinguishing archives, executable scripts etc?
There is no Configuration for Coloured view as in terminal , but definitely File type based is available .
Edit=>Preferences ,select in
List columns as
which will enable you to view File Type in List View under MIME type , (Application to open it) as
And in TYPE column , seen as
Or in Icons view , press
Ctrl+S and type the file type you want to view as
wall* for file names to Highlight all the respective Files.