I have desktop edition of Ubuntu.

I like the Terminal so that that I prefer to shutdown my computer with the shutdown command.

However when I type shutdown now it prompts me to enter my password.Is there any way I can shutdown my computer using this command without entering my password?

  • 4
    Does anyone know what command is executed when I click "shutdown" in Desktop Environment?
    – kubahaha
    Feb 20 '15 at 17:15
  • For me both poweroff and shutdown now works from terminal. In Ubuntu 20,04, but I an sure that it has been like that for years.
    – Soren A
    Apr 29 '20 at 22:00

Open up a terminal (CTRL + T) and type the following sudo visudo

Add the following line:

%group_name ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /sbin/poweroff, /sbin/reboot, /sbin/shutdown


user_name ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /sbin/poweroff, /sbin/reboot, /sbin/shutdown

This allows the user/group to run the above three commands, using sudo, however with no password.

So, sudo poweroff will now result in a passwordless shutdown.

However, to make this even cleaner, we'll add an alias, so that running shutdown calls sudo shutdown now.

Open ~/.bash_aliases for editing.

nano ~/.bash_aliases

Insert the following line at the end of the file:

alias shutdown='sudo shutdown now' 

Finally, load the changes to the .bash_aliases file...

source ~/.bash_aliases

Try it out!


Thanks, Eric.


A safe way to do this without using sudo and without tinkering with the system, is by executing these one-liner commands:

For Ubuntu 14.10 or earlier:


/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit" /org/freedesktop/ConsoleKit/Manager org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit.Manager.Stop


/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit" /org/freedesktop/ConsoleKit/Manager org.freedesktop.ConsoleKit.Manager.Restart

consolekit Install consolekit should of course be installed your system.

Other commands you may like:


/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Suspend

Hibernate: (if enabled on your system)

/usr/bin/dbus-send --system --print-reply --dest="org.freedesktop.UPower" /org/freedesktop/UPower org.freedesktop.UPower.Hibernate

For Ubuntu 15.04 and later:

(This is due to Ubuntu's shift in using systemd instead of Upstart)

systemctl poweroff

systemctl reboot

systemctl suspend

systemctl hibernate

systemctl hybrid-sleep

Since hibernate is normally disabled by default in Ubuntu systems, you can enable this by checking this answer: https://askubuntu.com/a/617254/101985

Original source: https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=127962

  • 1
    This is a useful reference, however the systemctl command requires to input the user's password, so it is not applicable as a direct answer to the question. Aug 17 '20 at 12:48

unity uses many gnome services, and in that case too - you can shutdown gnome way.

gnome-session-quit --power-off --force --no-prompt

will do the job.

  • Looks like this only works for logout. From man page of --no-prompt: End the session without user interaction. This only works with --logout.
    – Pylinux
    Nov 2 '19 at 21:41

While you can use the method of allowing NOPASSWD on /usr/sbin/shutdown, although another, DE-independent solution is to just use init 0.


On Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, I created a polkit file with

echo "[Shutdown or suspend without a password]
" | sudo tee /etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/allow_shutdown_suspend.pkla

With this, systemctl halt and systemctl suspend work without a password. This also work remotely with e.g. ssh -t 'systemctl suspend'.


that is easy. using -S option like this:

echo <your-password> | sudo -S poweroff

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