I need to be able to encrypt/decrypt a single text file stored on my external HD in 12.04 LTS, preferably a GUI application, if any, or the command line otherwise. Thank you.
A simple way to encrypt a single file is with
openssl des3 < youfile.txt > yourfile.txt.des3
This will prompt you for a passphrase, which you will need to enter later when decrypting the file.
openssl des3 -d < yourfile.txt.des3 > yourfile.txt.decrypted
To make this "graphical" you could put it in a
Nautilus script and make it accessible from the context menu. (See the docs of
Nautilus for that.)
des3 is just an example. Run
openssl list-cipher-algorithms to see the full list of ciphers.
Lets assume that a person wants to encrypt a file called 'message.txt':
1. Encrypting a file using GPG, for personal use
I. Using a passphrase to encrypt the file (and not the private key)
I.i. The command:
gpg -c message.txt
does it; it asks for a password (and a password confirmation) and generates an encrypted 'message.txt.gpg', which is binary.
I.ii. If you want to generate an ASCII encrypted file, which is base64(i think) of that file, you can use
gpg -c --armor message.txt
This will generate an 'message.txt.asc', which is the same as the generated by the command before, but base64 coded, i.e., the encrypted file in text mode (.asc, not binary as .gpg would be).
II. Using a private key to encrypt a file
II.i. If you want to encrypt a file using your key, instead of only a passphare, use the command
gpg -e -r 'yourname' message.txt.
The argument 'yourname' should contain a part of the name that you used to create the private key. If you dont give the -r parameter, gpg will ask for it. You can type our name then (the same that you would type on command line).
II.ii. Point II.i would give you a binary file. If you want to get an ASCII file, use --armor.
gpg -e -r 'yourname' --armor message.txt.
2. Decrypting the file encrypted with GPG
To decrypt, the file, use the command
gpg -d --output OUTPUTFILE message.txt.gpg. This will ask for the passphrase and then decrypt the file message.txt.gpg to OUTPUTFILE, if the passphrase is correct. This passhrase is that which you used directly (point I., the
-c parameter), or through your private key (point II., the
-e parameter) This works for both binary (.gpg) or ascii (.asc) files. If you supress the
--output FILE, it is outputted to console (stdout), then you can do this also, that is, redirect it to a file:
gpg -d message.txt.gpg > OUTPUTFILE.txt Both do the same. 8 )
Try http://www.aescrypt.com/ it works great.
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/2811528/can-i-use-my-ssh-public-key-to-decrypt-a-file Is a question on a related subject. You can use the same principles for encryption if I am not mistaken.
For (GnuPG) 1.4.16
gpg -a --output outfile.txt --encrypt infile.txt
You will next be prompted:
Enter the user ID. End with an empty line:
where the "user ID" can be found by running