How do I enable Middle mouse button emulation in 12.04 LTS? I think it was disabled by default in the last release. I'm sure this is a silly question but I can't find a generic answer, they all seem to be touchpad specific (ie, multi-touch related, which I don't have), or using what I consider not to be normal ubuntu methods (creating xorg.conf file). I'm using xubuntu variant (xfce) on a dell inspiron mini.

I was actually just testing there and if I tap with both fingers at once it brings up a context menu (like right click). Wired I didn't know this trackpad could even tell that there was a two finger tap...

Former behaviour was clicking both touchpad buttons (they are the built in kind) at the same time produced a middle clicck. They no longer do this. I never used a double tap, but the actual buttons.

To clarify I am using a built in Touchpad, not an external mouse. Gpointings detects it as synaptic touch, which I believe is correct

Update- The question @medigeek linked to below let me set a two fingered tap to emulate a middle click, but I still cant click both buttons at the same time

output from synclient is here:

LeftEdge                = 1760
RightEdge               = 5302
TopEdge                 = 1639
BottomEdge              = 4479
FingerLow               = 25
FingerHigh              = 30
FingerPress             = 256
MaxTapTime              = 180
MaxTapMove              = 232
MaxDoubleTapTime        = 180
SingleTapTimeout        = 180
ClickTime               = 100
FastTaps                = 0
EmulateMidButtonTime    = 0
EmulateTwoFingerMinZ    = 282
EmulateTwoFingerMinW    = 7
VertScrollDelta         = 105
HorizScrollDelta        = 105
VertEdgeScroll          = 1
HorizEdgeScroll         = 0
CornerCoasting          = 0
VertTwoFingerScroll     = 0
HorizTwoFingerScroll    = 0
MinSpeed                = 1
MaxSpeed                = 1.75
AccelFactor             = 0.0378931
TrackstickSpeed         = 40
EdgeMotionMinZ          = 30
EdgeMotionMaxZ          = 160
EdgeMotionMinSpeed      = 1
EdgeMotionMaxSpeed      = 422
EdgeMotionUseAlways     = 0
TouchpadOff             = 0
LockedDrags             = 0
LockedDragTimeout       = 5000
RTCornerButton          = 2
RBCornerButton          = 3
LTCornerButton          = 0
LBCornerButton          = 0
TapButton1              = 1
TapButton2              = 3
TapButton3              = 0
ClickFinger1            = 1
ClickFinger2            = 1
ClickFinger3            = 0
CircularScrolling       = 0
CircScrollDelta         = 0.1
CircScrollTrigger       = 0
CircularPad             = 0
PalmDetect              = 0
PalmMinWidth            = 10
PalmMinZ                = 200
CoastingSpeed           = 20
CoastingFriction        = 50
PressureMotionMinZ      = 30
PressureMotionMaxZ      = 160
PressureMotionMinFactor = 1
PressureMotionMaxFactor = 1
ResolutionDetect        = 1
GrabEventDevice         = 1
TapAndDragGesture       = 1
AreaLeftEdge            = 0
AreaRightEdge           = 0
AreaTopEdge             = 0
AreaBottomEdge          = 0
HorizHysteresis         = 26
VertHysteresis          = 26
ClickPad                = 1
RightButtonAreaLeft     = 0
RightButtonAreaRight    = 0
RightButtonAreaTop      = 0
RightButtonAreaBottom   = 0
MiddleButtonAreaLeft    = 0
MiddleButtonAreaRight   = 0
MiddleButtonAreaTop     = 0
MiddleButtonAreaBottom  = 0
up vote 18 down vote accepted

GUI solution

Install the package gpointing-device-settings

Description-en: configuration tool for pointing devices
 GUI tool for setting pointing devices. Currently it can configure mouse type
 device (mouse, trackpoint etc.) and touchpads.
 .
 For mouse you can configure middle button emulation, wheel emulation and
 scrolling.
 .
 It can enable and disable touchpad, or scrolling on it as well as additional
 parameters like palm detection, locked drags, tapping and scrolling.
 .
 It is a successor of GSynaptics.

gpointing-device-settings middle mouse button emulation

Console/terminal solution #1

Alternatively, try this:

gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.peripherals.mouse middle-button-enabled true

The alternative solution might require the installation of gnome-settings-daemon package.

Console/terminal solution(s) #2

Using synclient command you can view your synaptics touchpad options.

  1. Run synclient and see what variables you have available.
  2. You can set/change the synclient options using this command: syclient var=1 (where var is the variable you wish to change and 1 the value)

    Read the manual page about each variable: http://manpages.ubuntu.com/synaptics


What worked for me

Instead of figuring out how to press both buttons of the touchpad, keep/press two fingers on the touchpad and click on the left click button of the touchpad with a third finger. This emulates a middle button by default.

What worked for the original poster

a) Setting the TapButton variable works for the two fingered tap

b) If you still want to click both buttons and produce a middle button emulation, execute:

synclient EmulateMidButtonTime=100

EmulateMidButtonTime allows you to change the time required to produce a middle button (allowed time period to click both buttons). 100 means 100 milliseconds (ms).

You may set it to even higher values, such as synclient EmulateMidButtonTime=500 (500ms).

  • 1
    Thanks, I tried that gpointing-device-settings option already (it was suggested in another question), but it doesn't give me the option to enable emulation. Second option doesn't seem to be working either, is an X restart required? – Rqomey Jul 5 '12 at 22:23
  • Did you do a clean install using the xubuntu-desktop live cd? gpointings enables middle mouse for mouse devices. What device are you using? Perhaps it's not detected properly? Btw, I'm surprised you need such a feature, nowadays mouse devices have a scroll button which you can click (press down) and that is the middle button essentially. – Savvas Radevic Jul 5 '12 at 22:41
  • gpointings works with my mouse device – Savvas Radevic Jul 5 '12 at 22:48
  • No it was an update from 11.10. It is a touchpad so unfortunately there is no middle button. Gpointings detects it as a syn touchpad (just like the screen above), it gives loads of options just not the emulate one! – Rqomey Jul 5 '12 at 23:04
  • (1) Run synclient and add the output in your question. (2) Try these solutions: askubuntu.com/questions/12435/… (3) you can set synclient using syclient var=1 (var the variable and 1 the value). Read the manpage: manpages.ubuntu.com/synaptics (4) Try this: Keep two fingers on the touchpad and click on the left click with a third finger – Savvas Radevic Jul 6 '12 at 6:57

With Ubuntu 17 and in XFCE the middle mouse button copy paste did not work at all.

Solution

To enable the middle mouse button paste function edit the xinput.

  1. Query your device:

    xinput list
    

    Identify your mouse. With me it was device number 10.

  2. xinput list-props 10 gives me the settings for the mouse.

  3. I need to change the value for "libinput Middle Emulation Enabled (294):" and I need to do it as root:

    sudo xinput set-prop 10 "libinput Middle Emulation Enabled" 1
    
  4. Check if the value changed to 1:

    xinput list-props 10
    

Yes, it works: "libinput Middle Emulation Enabled (294): 1"

To make it persistent, add a line in ~/.xstartup!
In my case it just looks the same like before:

xinput set-prop  10 libinput Middle Emulation Enabled 1

That makes it effective from start on.

This is what is behind it.

I strongly disagree that Ubuntu and Gnome decided to disable the standard Unix Middle Mouse paste. Even in XFCE Ubuntu 17 it is devastated. May the managers behind this decision find a soon and painful end. You make my life hard.

Many, many thanks to Gilles who found the solution!!!

I had the same issues using Ubuntu 16, 14.10 and earlier: Unix style copy paste in the terminal not working. Disappointing default settings. However, here is a solution (partly a wrap up of other peoples great work):

  • To fix the terminal issue I successfully put the following lines into my xorg.conf:

(see if /etc/X11/xorg.conf is suitable for you. May be different for Lubuntu etc.)

Section "InputClass"
    Identifier "middle button emulation class"
    MatchIsPointer "on"
    Option "Emulate3Buttons" "on"
EndSection
  • The very anoying malfunction of a missing 3rd mouse button (touch pad, Marble Mouse) can actually be fixed with the "gpointing-device-settings". Just install using CLI with:

    apt-get install gpointing-device-settings

Then invoke gpointing-device-settings to get the gui window. Remark: There is an unfixed bug in newer Ubuntus that wipes out your settings when rebooting. You may put gpointing-device-settings in auto-start but still need to prompt then. I am not aware of any proper config solution.

Probably some steps need a sudo or root access. I assume you know.

However, now I can use the unixish copy paste by mark and middle mouse button. At least in terminal. And for the Marble Mouse there is a separate article with a lot of config details.

Addendum

With Ubuntu 17 and in XFCE the middle mouse button copy paste did not work at all.

  • 2
    outstanding! Thank you. Worked perfectly on 17.04 – ppetraki Jun 17 '17 at 23:03
  • 2
    Doesn't work on 16.04. fails with error 'property 'libinput Middle Emulation Enabled' doesn't exist, you need to specify its type and format' – catbadger Nov 23 '17 at 16:11
  • @catbadger Maybe you need the evdev version. Look at the with evdev section in askubuntu.com/a/868173/460211 . I was getting the same error and this worked. – piepi Mar 12 at 11:47
  • In Ubuntu 18 and XFCE there is a significant change: NO LONGER "libinput Button Middle". Instead "Evdev Third Button Emulation". So the whole line is now (for my machine): sudo xinput set-prop 9 "Evdev Third Button Emulation" 1 This answers the comment from catbadger Nov 23 '17; do I hate the missing formatting in comments? no comment - may be you get the gist anyways. – opinion_no9 Apr 10 at 20:17
  • I[m finding that @opinion_no9's original suggestion, i.e., using libinput works with 18.04, at least for most applications. evdev didn't work for me. Maybe you have to set it up manually in xorg.conf before it will work? – Leo Simon Aug 9 at 17:13

You can also set the middle mouse button on a triple-finger-tap by calling

synclient TapButton3=2

(Put this in a script and add it to your startup programs)

It is strange, cause there seems to have been a bugreport, that supposed to have been fixed.

source: enable a three finger tap on my synaptic touchpad:

  • so simple and working solution! thank you – Kostanos Apr 1 at 15:48

Enable it for all users by changing the default value in /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/org.gnome.settings-daemon.peripherals.gschema.xml:

Look for the key middle-button-emulation that looks like this:

<key type="b" name="middle-button-enabled">
  <default>false</default>
  <summary>Middle button emulation</summary>
  <description>Enables middle mouse button emulation through simultaneous left and right button click.</description>
</key>

Change default to true:

<key type="b" name="middle-button-enabled">
  <default>true</default>
  <summary>Middle button emulation</summary>
  <description>Enables middle mouse button emulation through simultaneous left and right button click.</description>
</key>

I found a nice solution using xubuntu 14.10

(I think this is nice because it doesn't require tap to click to be enabled, I don't like tap to click)

First you need to install xdotool

sudo apt-get install xdotool

Then write a bash script to send the middle mouse click. Your going to want to write something like this

#!/bin/bash 

xdotool mousedown 2;
xdotool mouseup 2;

Save it to a filename you'll remember like "MiddleClick.sh"

next change your permissions to the file to make it executable for yourself

chmod u+x MiddleClick.sh 

You can now send a middle click to where ever your mouse is by running this file, in terminal it would be

bash MiddleClick.sh

However, to assign a shortcut to do this, go to Settings > Keyboard and go into the Application shortcuts. Add a new one, point to the file you created and assign a shortcut. you can now use this new shortcut to send a middle click.

I have stolen some area from the right and left buttons on the touchpad using synclient, so that I can have all 3 buttons at the bottom of touchpad:

synclient MiddleButtonAreaTop=4035
synclient RightButtonAreaLeft=3890
synclient MiddleButtonAreaRight=3890
synclient MiddleButtonAreaLeft=3155

I computed the values using the current edges as base:

LeftEdge = 1685

RightEdge = 5361

TopEdge = 1489

BottomEdge = 4409

RightButtonAreaTop = 4035

Adding to @rubo77's answer and based on the output of your synclient you should try:

synclient ClickFinger3=2

Then you can use a 3 finger tap to activate the middle button click. It worked for me.

  • 1
    If you want to improve another answer, please suggest an edit to it and don’t create a new (incomplete) answer. – David Foerster Aug 14 '17 at 11:54

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