I'm thinking of switching my operating system from Windows and I use Google Drive desktop with all of my video work.
You do not need to install software for that; instead, you only need to connect your account using GNOME Online Accounts. It's a sign-on framework for GNOME. It supports popular online services like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and Nextcloud, etc; The tool comes pre-installed with Ubuntu, so you don’t have to worry about manual installation. However, if, for some reason, the app isn’t installed, then run the following command to install it quickly.
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt install gnome-online-accounts
To add your Google Drive account, search for “Settings” in the GNOME menu; then:
Settings -> Online Accounts -> Add your google account.
In your file manager, you get your google drive mounted so you can store and retrieve data there.
As commented: this does not sync your file. You alter the contents on google drive itself so needs to be online.
If you want offline access you can add a tool like Insync (payware; multiple account support, desktop notification, symlink support), or Rclone (setup instructions; freeware; command-line to sync to Google Drive, but also Dropbox, Amazon S3, and OneDrive).
If you are asking specifically about the Google Drive Desktop application, the answer is 'No': https://support.google.com/drive/answer/7329379#zippy=%2Csystem-requirements shows that Google product is currently (Oct 2021) available for Windows and OSX only.
If you are asking generally about Google Drive integration with Ubuntu Desktop there are several available methods for conveniently accessing Google Drive. Many of those work very well (I use Gnome's Online Accounts feature). These are not Google products, but are independent projects that use Google's API for access. None offers the full range of features (like sync) that the official Google Desktop application has, because some of those features are simply not available using the API
googledrive-ocamlfuse. It is tricky to setup, but works like the Windows version. That is, is doesn't sync, but streams.
It also supports shared drives.