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There seems to be conflicting information online about this, and as it is new, I cannot ascertain yet the right information. I've opening this question to be a resource for us to vote on the best approach to running a Ubuntu Virtual Machine on a Apple Silicon (M1) macOS host machine.

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3 Answers 3

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UTM is a virtualization software that runs un Apple Silicon

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Canonical's Multipass is a VM+Ubuntu_Guest application for Windows and MacOS and Linux.

As of October 2021, M1 Support is currently in Beta.

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VMware Fusion 13 Player for Apple Silicon enables users to run Ubuntu Desktop (and Ubuntu Server) in a virtual machine that uses all the capability of the Apple M series processors' powerful integrated GPU to deliver near native performance on Apple silicon.

You can install an Ubuntu Server guest OS on an Apple silicon computer, and then install the complete ubuntu-desktop task in Ubuntu Server by running the following command:

sudo apt install 'ubuntu-desktop^'

Here are some additional tips for installing an Ubuntu desktop using VMware Fusion 13 player for macOS.

  • Use the Ubuntu Server 22.04.2 LTS ARM64 ISO to install an Ubuntu 22.04 virtual machine.
  • After the installation of Ubuntu 22.04 is finished convert the Ubuntu Server using the tasksel program which can be installed by sudo apt install tasksel. Install the Ubuntu desktop task by selecting it with the space key in tasksel and remove every server task that you don't want to keep.
  • Install the open-vm-tools-desktop package in Ubuntu with sudo apt install open-vm-tools-desktop.
  • You may need to disable kernel updates in Ubuntu.
  • You may need to adjust the VM's settings to improve performance, especially the graphics performance which is great in macOS but in Ubuntu YMMV.

Fedora Asahi Remix is a Linux OS designed specifically for Apple silicon Macs, aiming to provide a stable and reliable Linux experience on these machines.

Features:

  • Based on Fedora Linux
  • Optimized for Apple silicon enabling features like smooth graphics and HiDPI support
  • Uses Wayland display server by default
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  • «VirtualBox now runs natively on Apple Silicon ARM processors, including the M1 and M2.» — it’s unusable for any actual Ubuntu. — forums.virtualbox.org/viewtopic.php?f=8&t=107344
    – adasiko
    Commented Dec 11, 2022 at 17:37
  • @adasiko Thanks for the comment. It does appear that VirtualBox is currently more of a junky toy than a solution to the task of running Linux on Apple's M1 and M2 processors.
    – karel
    Commented Dec 12, 2022 at 5:50

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