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I have a dual boot (Windows 8.1 & Ubuntu 18.04) Toshiba Satellite C55-A5310 laptop which this morning gave the following errors

Problem loading UEFI:db X.509 certificate (-65) 
Superblock last mount time is in the future.  
(by less than a day, probably due to the hardware clock being incorrectly set)

Note: System has been working without issue for a long time, and I regularly install the recommended updates.

I ran Journalctl -xb and observed the following errors

Problem loading UEFI:db X.509 certificate (-65)
fsck failed with exit status 4
failed to start file system check on /dev/disk/by-uuid ubuntu
/lib/systemd/system-generators/friendly-recovery failed with exit status 1

I have verified that secure boot is disabled. I also have checked the clock using Hwclock and I don't see any issues.

I also executed sudo fdisk -l and below is the output

enter image description here

I believe the Linux files system is /dev/sda9. I was expecting to see Linux filesystem, confused why it states Microsoft basic data

Below is UEFI error as reported from Journalctl -xb

enter image description here

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Note: By executing fsck /dev/sdxI was able to resolve failed to start file system check. Review fsck error in the reference for additional details

Question: What might be causing this not boot situation? How can I fix the issue(s)?

Following some of the post that I have review looking for the root cause and possible corrective action.

References:

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  • The fact that there has been some issues with the hardware clock on the system, I am speculating that you may have a CMOS battery on the way out - as I said, just a guess but it may be worthwhile trying to replace the CMOS battery to exclude that possibility. Secondly, boot the system off a LiveCD and run gparted to make sure your Ubuntu partition is still in tact and note down the partition name in case you have to boot from grub command line to get Ubuntu going. While on the LiveCD go to the Linux partition and checkout the /boot directory and its contents that they are not lost.
    – gdesilva
    Aug 4 at 6:29

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