83

I want to download a file from an active SSH session. In many cases I probably could just use SFTP, scp, rsync et al but there are times where I have elevated permissions on the remote server in a way I cannot use these methods.

If you're struggling to understand what I mean, imagine that you wanted to download something from /root/ or /var/log/auth.log. Root login is disabled (because we're not idiots). How do you get that file? Copy it out somewhere less protected and then move it? This is clunky. There are also scenarios where the remote path is complex or temporary, or isn't even a path because I want the output of a remote command stored locally. Store remotely, then copy? Clunk!

There are several more clunky ways to achieve versions of these but in an ideal world, I would have something akin to local write access from the remote server, using the existing SSH session as a conduit. Something like (this is just an artist's impression):

$oli@remote: cp /root/cheesecake /local/

And it just appears in my local cwd. And bidirectional access wouldn't be a bad thing.


It's been eight long years since I asked this question and we've seen a real range of clunk, but it remains a problem that I still struggle with occasionally.

I've refactored the question into something a lot more idealistic. I fully understand that there may not currently be a perfect answer. All past and future efforts towards my ideal are appreciated.

  • 1
    Interesting question! It really shows how peoples' ideas of what is sensible to do get shaped by the tools they use. zssh is probably closest to the zmodem-like workflow you may be remembering. – poolie Nov 17 '10 at 1:30
  • 1
    I'm really surprised that even after 8 answers, there's not really any way to do this – endolith Apr 21 '13 at 4:22

12 Answers 12

32

You may want to check out zssh, which is available in universe, and therefore available with

sudo apt-get install zssh

You need it on your ubuntu server and on your client, but basically when logged in with zssh, you just hit 'ctrl-@' and it brings up the "File transfer mode" which allows you to send files back down the pipe to your client machine, or upload them from client to server.

However, you don't have to re-auth or open a new window to scp.

If you're using ssh keys, and an ssh agent, you can quite easily do:

[enter]~[ctrl]-Z

Which will background ssh, and then just scp $!:/whatever/whatever .'

Once the file is transferred, fg to get ssh back.

If you aren't using ssh keys, you can still use the "ControlMaster" and "ControlPath" options added to recent OpenSSh versions, but that gets tricky, check man ssh_config

24

Assuming you're running an ssh server on your desktop (there are ways around this, but I think they all add complexity, and possibly have security problems), you can set up a reverse ssh tunnel. See SSH easily copy file to local system. over at unix.SE.

  • Type Enter ~C Enter -R 22042:localhost:22 Enter to create a reverse port forwarding from your server to your desktop (22042 can be any port number between 1024 and 65534 that's not in use).
  • Then scp -P 22042 foo localhost: will copy the file foo in your current directory on the server to your home on the desktop.
  • Now move the file into your current directory on the desktop by typing Enter ~ Ctrl+Z mv ~/foo . Enter fg Enter.

Ssh escape sequences begin with ~; the tilde is only recognized after a newline. ~ Ctrl+Z puts ssh into the background. ~C enters a command line where you can create or remove a forwarding.

  • 1
    Using 2 layers of encryption & compression is a bit overkill, that's why I suggested using rsh or ftp for the "back link". – JanC Nov 16 '10 at 0:30
  • 2
    @JanC: That requires more setup: you have to install an rsh or ftp server, and make sure its configuration is secure. The overhead of encryption is minimal even on a netbook. – Gilles Nov 16 '10 at 0:42
  • An ssh-server isn't installed by default either. ;) – JanC Nov 16 '10 at 0:50
  • @JanC: Another advantage of ssh is that if you've enabled agent forwarding, you won't have to type a password to do the copy. Workflow efficiency over computing microefficiency. – Gilles Nov 16 '10 at 8:23
  • You can do something like that with (some) other services too of course. In any case, there are multiple similar solutions that all involve setting up a tunneled connection back and an extra daemon... ;) – JanC Nov 16 '10 at 8:56
10

I came up with a way to do this with standard ssh. It's a script that duplicates the current ssh connection, finds your working directory on the remote machine and copies back the file you specify to the local machine. It needs 2 very small scripts (1 remote, 1 local) and 2 lines in your ssh config. The steps are as follows:

  1. Add these 2 lines to your ~/.ssh/config:

    ControlMaster auto
    ControlPath ~/.ssh/socket-%r@%h:%p
    

    Now if you have an ssh connection to machineX open, you wont need passwords to open another one.

  2. Make a 1-line script on the remote machine called ~/.grabCat.sh

    \#!/bin/bash<br>
    cat "$(pwdx $(pgrep -u $(whoami) bash) | grep -o '/.*' | tail -n 1)"/$1
    
  3. Make a script on the local machine called ~/.grab.sh

    \#!/bin/bash
    [ -n "$3" ] && dir="$3" || dir="."
    ssh "$1" ".grabCat.sh $2" > "$dir/$2"
    
  4. and make an alias for grab.sh in (~/.bashrc or wherever):

    alias grab=~/.grab.sh
    

That's it, all done. Now if you're logged in to machineX:/some/directory, just fire up a new terminal and type

grab machineX filename

That puts the file in your current working directory on the local machine. You can specify a different location as a third argument to "grab".

Note: Obviously both scripts must be "executable", ie chmod u+x filename.

  • Interesting, could you explain how this works? Are you able to extend this to support "putting" files as well as grabbing them? – Peter Gibson Jun 22 '14 at 0:55
5

If your client machine (the machine you are sitting at) is called machineA and the machine you are currently SSH'ed into is called machine B. MachineA, your local machine must have SSHD running and port 22 open. Then:

scp myfile machineA:

Copies myfile on MachineB to my MachineA home directory on machineA. This assumes userid/password are the same.

scp myfile machineA:/newdir/newname

Copies myfile one MachineB to /newdir/newname on machineA. This assumes userid/password are the same.

scp MachineA:/path/to/my/otherfile . 

Gets a copy of otherfile from my MachineA directory on MachineA and puts it in my current working directory on the MachineB machine (designated in standard UNIX fashion by the "dot" (.) character). This assumes userid/password are the same.

If the userid/password are not the same then use:

scp myfile user@MachineA: to get file.

scp user@MachineA:/path/to/my/otherfile . to put files

NOTES about SCP:

Just like the cp command, scp has a -p option to propagate the permission settings of the original file to the copy (otherwise the copy is made with the normal settings for new files), and a -r option to copy an entire directory tree with one command.

scp creates a completely transparent encrypted data channel between the two machines, so binary data (such as images or executable programs) is preserved correctly. This also means that scp is unable to perform automatic end-of-line termination conversion between different types of operating systems, as can be done with ftp in "ascii" mode. That will not be a problem when copying between Unix systems, which all use the same end-of-line convention.

2

if you access server via ssh, you get the ability to connect via sftp as well. Keep filezilla client (GUI) handy and paste the path you are currently on

enter image description here

  • 2
    This would benefit by greater detail, including how to connect to an SSH server with FileZilla (it's not obvious). Screenshots may also help, in addition to explanatory text. – Eliah Kagan Sep 8 '12 at 6:49
2

If your file is small enough you can encode it with base64 and then decode it locally:

remote.example.net$ base64 <myfile
(copy the output)
local.example.net$ base64 -d >myfile
(copy the output)
Ctrl+D

Original answer where I got this (and tested out) from: https://unix.stackexchange.com/a/2869/194134

  • What has that to do with anything? You don't need to encode files to txfr them with scp etc. – RichieHH Sep 28 '18 at 6:05
1

It isn't over the active SSH connection, but scp copies files using the same mechanisms and permissions as does ssh.

  • 4
    I'm aware of scp but it's a very disjointed workflow. If I'm working in a given remote directory, I need to get the remote path, disconnect (or spawn another shell), do the scping writing out the paths and then reconnect. I'm looking for something that is akin to writing get file and it magically appears back on my local machine. If it has to do that via some service tunnelled over SSH, so be it.. But it should be session-bound. – Oli Nov 15 '10 at 16:30
  • Plus it was superseded by sftp (see my answer) – Olivier Lalonde Nov 16 '10 at 1:40
  • @Oli - Since both ends of the transaction are *nix boxes, they likely both have sshd running and thus you should be able to use scp on the server's command line to throw files back to the client. There's only so much magic to go around; sometimes we still have to push the buttons. The FileZilla solution is also handy. – zerobandwidth Sep 13 '15 at 19:21
1

This is not possible with a default ssh session, but you could use a script instead of ssh, that starts something like a simple ftp or rsh server on you local system and runs ssh with the necessary options to set up a tunnel back to your desktop for connecting to this server.

  • Or could just scp/rsync... – RichieHH Sep 28 '18 at 6:06
1

konsole has that ability via "Edit->ZModem Upload" menu while you are in an remote session (or Ctrl-Alt-U).

Please note: package lrzsz must be installed first. For me looks like works only for uploading ASCII files.

0

Since you are connecting from a desktop, I guess you can open a second terminal.

This is how I often do:

  • from the first terminal, the one where the ssh session is running, I get the full path of the file I need to get, using either realpath myfile or readlink -f myfile (older Ubuntu releases doesn't preinstall realpath) and copy it.
  • from the second terminal I use scp or sftp to get the file, pasting the full path I got before. For example: scp user@host:/etc/some/file ./

It's quite basic, but it's also easy to remember and doesn't need any extra package to work.

get the full path from first terminal, and then paste in the second terminal

  • Doesn't help with the "trying to get a root file and logging in by root directly is disallowed" problem posed in the question. – Oli Jan 20 '18 at 10:04
0

Surprisingly i don't see any mention of the good old Midnight Commander here. To my mind, it's probably the most universal & usefull file manager for shell with power-capabilities, one of the "must have" tools for the case, which is also allowing you to connect through SSH, FTP, SFTP as well, while on the second panel you can open any other (your local) filesystem and so work with files freely.

All you need is: apt-get install mc (from universe)

After that, run mc, open the menu for left or right panel, choose shell connection, enter username@remote-ip, the password - actually, that's it.. copy (here: download) files/folders from one machine to another with F5, move with F6, and so on according to buttons below. For the old MS-users: just like in NC for DOS

-2

WAY overthinking this, folks. I was looking for all the deep, dark, complex answers too. It turns out, you can do this right from Dolphin straight out of the can. fish://username@server:port

  • I do not get it – Pierre.Vriens Oct 15 '18 at 3:54
  • I don't think you understand my use-case. I'm in an active SSH command line session and want to send a file back to my local computer from a [potentially privileged, ie not available over SFTP] location. It might not even be a file at its genesis, it might be command output. I'm looking for some way to pipe it back without creating intermediary files and starting new SFTP/SCP/etc sessions. – Oli Oct 15 '18 at 10:39

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