I tried to install Ubuntu 20.04 desktop on my laptop after having already installed Windows 10 Home edition, the latest version available yesterday (and updated to that date) January 20 2021. I succeeded in doing so, choosing Minimal Installation with Download updates while installing Ubuntu. Then choosing Something else choosing a partition that I prepared to receive the Ubuntu installation.
According to GParted the disk layout is as follows:
Free space 1MB
sda1 fat32 104MB, used 33MB (partition was automatically installed during Windows installation)
sda2 ext4 16MB, unknown how much space used.
(partition was automatically installed during Windows installation)
sda3 ntfs 52429MB Windows operating system, unknown how much space used
sda4 ntfs 524MB, used 431MB Automatic created during Windows installation)
sda5 ext4 202982MB, 11859MB used, Ubuntu 20.04
Free space 1MB
I prepared sda5 as ext4 journaling file system, mount point /
Before continuing I got the message “No EFI System partition was found. The system will likely not be able to boot successfully, and the installation process may fail. Please go back and add an EFI system partition, or continue at your own risk". I didn't know whether I could set one of the existing partitions as an EFI System partition. Could I set sda1 or sda2 or do I have to make some free space and create a new partition?
As I continued ignoring the screen message (at my own risk) Ubuntu seemed to be installed well, but I can only boot Windows.
Windows sees the disk layout as follows:
E: 100MB FAT, filesystem
C: 48.83GB NTFS starting disk, buffer file and crashdump
partition 4, standard, recovery partition
partition 5, Primary partition <--this must be the Ubuntu partition
I think I have to redo the Ubuntu installation and leave Windows untouched. Is that correct? What can I do in order to get a dual boot system after Ubuntu installation? Could I set sda1 or sda2 as UEFI System partition in order to solve the problem?